The most significant political development of the post-Cold War era was, arguably, the diffusion of neoliberalism across the globe. Yet behind the illusion of abundance and development, the 'rule of the market' can be violent and destructive, exploiting the environment, dismissing cultural or historical conservation and ignoring individual rights. This book now examines the emergence and consequences of neoliberalism in Turkey. Of particular importance to the study are the contested spaces - those sites of struggle and protest - where the impact of this economic system is challenged or negotiated. The contributors look beyond the neoliberal cities of the West - Istanbul and Ankara - to take into account the rest of the country and the groups that are most negatively affected: such as the Kurds, women and migrants. Chapters consider the complexity of neoliberalism in Turkey, where the power of the market, the agenda of the state, and significantly, the country's past, are shown to have shaped current economic practices and policies.
Contested Spaces in Contemporary Turkey sheds new light on the societal processes that are re-shaping modern Turkey, a subject which is of increasing importance considering Erdogan's new model for an Islam-based state and in the aftermath of the July 2016 military coup attempt. It is at the cutting edge of research on urban history and social space and will be a significant resource for scholars of Turkish Studies and Kurdish Studies.
Fatma Muge Gocek is Professor of Sociology and Women's Studies at the University of Michigan. Her research analyzes the impact of processes such as development, nationalism, religious movements and collective violence on minorities. Her recently published books include Social Constructions of Nationalism in the Middle East (2002) and The Transformation of Turkey: Redefining State and Society from the Ottoman Empire to the Modern Era (2011). She has also co-edited A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire (2011) has contributed to a variety of books and journals.
IntroductionContested Spaces in Neoliberal TurkeyFatma Muge GocekPART I. HISTORYTurkey, Syria and France Contesting Sovereignty over AntiochSarah ShieldsAnkara's Forgotten Mental Maps, Changing Demography and Missing MinoritiesZeynep KezerHistory and Diversity in a Border Province: The Non-Muslim Urban Past in today's Edirne"Zeynep KasliPART II. STATEMobilizing the State, Monitoring the Countryside: Mobile Village Courses in TurkeyMetin YukselIstanbul Confidential: Heroin, Espionage, and the Politics of Cold War in Turkey, 1945-1960Ryan GingerasA Space Apart or a Part of Society? Turkish Mosques in Western Germany in the 1970s and the 1990sSarah Thomsen VierraThe State, Law and Feminist Struggles in the Neoliberalizing City: The Istanbul CourthouseTugce Ellialt?The Political Economy of a Conservation Plan: The Case of Uluabat LakeCeren Soylu, Fikret Adaman and Bengi AkbulutFrom Shining Icons of Progress to Contested Infrastructures: "Damming" the Munzur Valley in Eastern TurkeyLaurent DissardPART III. THE MARKETIrregular Migration and Negotiated Urban Space in Kumkapi, IstanbulKristen BiehlTurkey's Shady Urban Neoliberalism: The Corruption Scandal and the Normalization of Informality during the AKP RuleBurak KoseRefusing to Become Pious Soldiers: Islamist Conscientious Objection in TurkeyPinar Kemerli"Wake Up" and "Nomad": Competing Visions of Turkish and Kurdish Environmentalism in the Music of Tarkan and AynurOzan Emrah Aksoy