Context and the Attitudes collects thirteen seminal essays by Mark Richard on semantics and propositional attitudes. These essays develop a nuanced account of the semantics and pragmatics of our talk about such attitudes, an account on which in saying what someone thinks, we offer our words as a 'translation' or representation of the way the target of our talk represents the world. A broad range of topics in philosophical semantics and the philosophy of mind
are discussed in detail, including: contextual sensitivity; pretense and semantics; negative existentials; fictional discourse; the nature of quantification; the role of Fregean sense in semantics; 'direct reference' semantics; de re belief and the contingent a priori; belief de se; intensional transitives;
the cognitive role of tense; and the prospects for giving a semantics for the attitudes without recourse to properties or possible worlds. Richard's extensive, newly written introduction gives an overview of the essays. The introduction also discusses attitudes realized by dispositions and other non-linguistic cognitive structures, as well as the debate between those who think that mental and linguistic content is structured like the sentences that express it, and those who see content as
Mark Richard is a Professor of Philosophy at Harvard University. He is the author of Propositional Attitudes (CUP, 1990), When Truth Gives Out (OUP, 2008), and the editor of Meaning (Blackwell, 2002).
1. Introduction: Mental States and Their Ascription ; 2. Direct Reference and Ascriptions of Belief ; 3. Quantification and Leibniz's Law ; 4. Attitude Ascriptions, Semantic Theory, and Pragmatic Evidence ; 5. How I Say What You Think ; 6. Attitudes and Context ; 7. Defective Contexts, Accommodation, and Normalization ; 8. Propositional Quantification ; 9. Sense, Necessity, and Belief ; 10. Semantic Pretense ; 11. Intensional Transitives and Empty Terms ; 12. Objects of Relief ; 13. Meaning and Attitude Ascriptions ; 14. Kripke's Puzzle