Mineral emissions from agriculture include nitrogen, phosphorus and heavy metals, derived particularly from fertilizer use and farm animal wastes in intensive agricultural systems. These have the potential to cause pollution and affect the quality of water, soils and agricultural produce. Interest in this subject has increased substantially in recent years, resulting in reforms of part of the Common Agricultural Policy as well as the development of special directives in the European Union. This book presents analyses of the economics and policy options related to nonpoint-source pollution in European agriculture. It brings together several disciplines and has been developed from a workshop held in Norway in January 1996. This workshop was one of four, each focusing on a key theme as part of the EU Concerted Action, "Policy measures to control environmental impacts from agriculture". The book includes both theoretical analyses and empirical studies from several countries. It represents an important volume for research academics and professionals in soil science, environmental and pollution studies, and agricultural and environmental economics and policy.
1: Nitrogen Flows at Farm Level Across European Union Agriculture 2: The Anthropogenic Nitrogen Cycle in Norway 3: The Decomposition Approach: Spatially Differentiated Analysis and Implementation of Environment Strategies 4: The Moral Authority of Regulation: the Case of Agricultural Pollution 5: Implementation and Efficiency of Countermeasures against Diffuse Nitrogen and Phosphorus Input into Groundwater and Surface Waters from Agriculture 6: Regulation of Mineral Emissions Under Asymmetric Information 7: Applying Land-use Permits for the Control of Mineral Emissions from Agriculture 8: An Incentive-Based Policy for Nutrient Removal after Emission 9: Impacts of Agrienvironmental Policy Measures on Nitrogen Emissions from Agriculture 10: Agricultural Use of Sewage Sludge and Municipal Waste and the Environment 11: Governmental Policy Options for Decreasing Nitrogen and Phosphate Losses on Dutch Dairy Farms 12: Effects of Policy Measures Regarding the Manure Problem and Pig Production Structure in Flanders 13: The Manure-policy Process in the Netherlands: Coping with the Aftermath of the Neo-corporatist Arrangement in Agriculture 14: Economics-Ecology Modelling - the Case of Nitrogen 15: Policy Implications of Conflict and Consistency Between Nitrogen Leaching and Other Environmental Impacts of Swedish Agriculture 16: Ecological and Socioeconomic Consequences of the European Union Reform Policy After 1996 in North-East Germany