The notion of controversy space is the key element of the new model of scientific and philosophical change introduced in this book. Devised as an alternative to classical models, the model of Controversy Spaces is a heuristic tool for the reconstruction of processes of conceptual change in the history of science and philosophy. The first chapter of this volume outlines in its initial section the historical trajectory of the dialectical, adversarial approach to the progress of knowledge, from its ancient flourishing and its almost complete oblivion in modernity up to its contemporary revival. Then the main features that characterize the structure and dynamics of controversy spaces are identified and examined. In the rest of the book the reader will find a detailed, fascinating series of case studies that apply the CS model in a variety of scientific areas, ranging from physics to linguistics, as well as the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of historiography.
1. Introduction (by Nudler, Oscar); 2. Part I. The model of controversy spaces; 3. chapter 1. Controversy spaces: The dialectical nature of change in the sciences and philosophy (by Nudler, Oscar); 4. Part II. Controversy spaces in the history of philosophy; 5. chapter 2. Historiographic refocalization and change in the historicity regime: The controversy space surrounding the representation of past and contemporary historical catastrophes (by Naishtat, Francisco); 6. chapter 3. A brief history of supervenience in the controversy space of recent philosophy of mind (by Perez, Diana); 7. Part III. Controversy spaces in the history of science; 8. chapter 4. The problem of irreversibility, from Fourier to Chaos theory: The trajectory of a controversy space (by Lombardi, Olimpia); 9. chapter 5. The relation between Chemistry and Physics: Origin and present relevance of a controversy space (by Labarca, Martin); 10. chapter 6. Jacques Rohault's system of natural philosophy: History of a controvery space (by Grobet, Laura Benitez); 11. chapter 7. How DNA became an important molecule: Controversies at the origins of molecular biology (by Cresto, Eleonora); 12. chapter 8. The development of 20th-century American linguistics as a controversy space (by Gil, Jose Maria); 13. Contributors; 14. Author index; 15. Subject index