For individual actors involved in economic activities (i.e. production, exchanges), conventions and structures represent two different types of opportunity or constraint. Conventions refer to values, rules and representations that influence economic behaviour. Structures refer to patterns of resource interdependencies existing among members of any social system.
This book contributes to the current rapprochement between economics and sociology. It examines the fact that individuals use rules and interdependencies to forward their own interests, while living in social environments where everyone does the same. The authors argue that to construct durable organizations and viable markets, they need to be able to handle both. However, thus far, economists and sociologists have not been able to reconcile the relationship between these two types of constraints on economic activity.
Conventions and Structures in Economic Organization seeks to bridge this gap and will appeal to students and scholars in both economics and sociology, offering them new ideas about how they can co-operate in unsuspected ways and combine their interdisciplinary efforts.
Edited by Olivier Favereau, Professor of Economics, University of Paris, Nanterre, France and Emmanuel Lazega, Professor, Sciences Po, France
Contents: Introduction Emmanuel Lazega and Olivier Favereau 1. No Man is an Island: The Research Program of a Social Capital Theory Henk Flap 2. Conventionalist Approaches to Enterprise Francois Eymard-Duvernay 3. Institutional Embeddedness of Economic Exchange: Convergence Between New Institutional Economics and the Economics of Conventions Christian Bessy 4. Transaction Cost Economics and Governance Structures: Applications, Developments and Perspectives Didier Chabaud and Stephane Saussier 5. Organizational Ecology David N. Barron 6. Interdependent Entrepreneurs and the Social Discipline of their Cooperation: A Research Programme for Structural Economic Sociology in a Society of Organizations Emmanuel Lazega and Lise Mounier 7. Employer/Employee Relationship Regulation and the Lessons of School/Work Transition in France Alain Degenne 8. Where Do Markets Come From? From (Quality) Conventions! Olivier Favereau, Olivier Biencourt and Francois Eymard-Duvernay 9. Market Profiles: A Tool Suited to Quality Orders? An Empirical Analysis of Road Haulage and the Theatre Olivier Biencourt and Daniel Urrutiaguer 10. Solidarity, its Microfoundations and Macrodependence. A Framing Approach Siegwart Lindenberg Conclusion: Quality is a System Property. Downstream Harrison C. White Index