This book examines how the idea of Pakistan was articulated and debated in the public sphere and how popular enthusiasm was generated for its successful achievement, especially in the crucial province of UP (now Uttar Pradesh) in the last decade of British colonial rule in India. It argues that Pakistan was not a simply a vague idea that serendipitously emerged as a nation-state, but was popularly imagined as a sovereign Islamic State, a new Medina, as some called it. In this regard, it was envisaged as the harbinger of Islam's renewal and rise in the twentieth century, the new leader and protector of the global community of Muslims, and a worthy successor to the defunct Turkish Caliphate. The book also specifically foregrounds the critical role played by Deobandi ulama in articulating this imagined national community with an awareness of Pakistan's global historical significance.
Venkat Dhulipala is Assistant Professor of History at the University of North Carolina, Wilmington, specializing in the history of modern South Asia. He received his PhD from the University of Minnesota in 2008. Dhulipala offers courses on modern India and Pakistan, Gandhi, Mughal India, and India and Pakistan after 1947.
List of photographs and maps; Acknowledgements; List of abbreviations; Glossary; Introduction; 1. Nationalists, communalists and the 1937 provincial elections; 2. Muslim mass contacts and the rise of the Muslim League; 3. Two constitutional lawyers from Bombay and the debate over Pakistan in the public sphere; 4. Muslim League and the idea of Pakistan in the United Provinces; 5. Ulama at the forefront of politics; 6. Urdu press, public opinion and controversies over Pakistan; 7. Fusing Islam and state power; 8. The referendum on Pakistan; Epilogue; Conclusion; Select bibliography; Index; About the author.