Crimes against Nature reveals the hidden history behind three of the nation's first parklands: the Adirondacks, Yellowstone, and the Grand Canyon. Focusing on conservation's impact on local inhabitants, Karl Jacoby traces the effect of criminalizing such traditional practices as hunting, fishing, foraging, and timber cutting in the newly created parks. Jacoby reassesses the nature of these "crimes" and provides a rich portrait of rural people and their relationship with the natural world in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Karl Jacoby is a professor in the Department of History and in the Center for the Study of Ethnicity and Race at Columbia University. He is the author of Shadows at Dawn: An Apache Massacre and the Violence of History.
Illustrations xi List of Tables xiii Preface xv Introduction: The Hidden History of American Conservation 1 PART I. Forest: The Adirondacks 1. The Re-creation of Nature 11 2. Public Property and Private Parks 29 3. Working-Class Wilderness 48 PART II. Mountain: Yellowstone 4. Nature and Nation 81 5. Fort Yellowstone 99 6. Modes of Poaching and Production 121 PART III. Desert: The Grand Canyon 7. The Havasupai Problem 149 8. Farewell Song 171 Epilogue: Landscapes of Memory and Myth Chronology of American Conservation Notes 203 Bibliography 267 Index 293 Afterword 199 Chronology of American Conservation 205 Notes 209 Bibliography 273 Index 299