Criminal Man

Criminal Man

By: Cesare Lombroso (author), Nicole Hahn Rafter (translator), Mary Gibson (translator)Paperback

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Description

Cesare Lombroso is widely considered the founder of criminology. His theory of the "born" criminal dominated European and American thinking about the causes of criminal behavior during the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth. This volume offers English-language readers the first critical, scholarly translation of Lombroso's Criminal Man, one of the most famous criminological treatises ever written. The text laid the groundwork for subsequent biological theories of crime, including contemporary genetic explanations.Originally published in 1876, Criminal Man went through five editions during Lombroso's lifetime. In each edition Lombroso expanded on his ideas about innate criminality and refined his method for categorizing criminal behavior. In this new translation, Mary Gibson and Nicole Hahn Rafter bring together for the first time excerpts from all five editions in order to represent the development of Lombroso's thought and his positivistic approach to understanding criminal behavior. In Criminal Man, Lombroso used modern Darwinian evolutionary theories to "prove" the inferiority of criminals to "honest" people, of women to men, and of blacks to whites, thereby reinforcing the prevailing politics of sexual and racial hierarchy. He was particularly interested in the physical attributes of criminals-the size of their skulls, the shape of their noses-but he also studied the criminals' various forms of self-expression, such as letters, graffiti, drawings, and tattoos. This volume includes more than forty of Lombroso's illustrations of the criminal body along with several photographs of his personal collection. Designed to be useful for scholars and to introduce students to Lombroso's thought, the volume also includes an extensive introduction, notes, appendices, a glossary, and an index.

About Author

Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909), an internationally famous Italian physician and criminologist, wrote extensively about jurisprudence and the causes of crime. He produced more than thirty books during his lifetime. Mary Gibson is Professor of History at John Jay College of Criminal Justice and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. Her books include Born to Crime: Cesare Lombroso and the Origins of Biological Criminality. Nicole Hahn Rafter is Senior Research Fellow at Northeastern University. Her books include Creating Born Criminals. Rafter and Gibson translated Lombroso's Criminal Woman, the Prostitute, and the Normal Woman, also published by Duke University Press.

Contents

List of Tables xiii List of Illustrations xv Acknowledgments xvii Editors' Introduction 1 Edition 1 (1876) Editors' Foreword 39 Author's Preface 43 1 Criminal Craniums (Sixty-six Skulls) 45 2 Anthropometry and Physiognomy of 832 Criminals 50 3 Tattoos 58 4 Emotions of Criminals 63 5 Criminals and Religion 70 6 Intelligence and Education of Criminals 72 7 Jargon 77 8 Criminal Literature 79 9 Insanity and Crime 81 10 Organized Crime 85 11 Atavism and Punishment 91 Edition 2 (1878) Editors' Foreword 97 Author's Preface 99 12 Suicide among Criminals 101 13 Criminals of Passion 105 14 Recidivism, Morality, and Remorse 108 15 Handwriting of Criminals 111 16 Etiology of Crime: Weather and Race 114 17 Etiology of Crime: Civilization, Alcohol, and Heredity 120 18 Etiology of Crime: Age, Sex, Moral Education, Genitals, and Imitation 127 19 Prevention of Crime 135 20 Penal Policy 141 Appendix 1 Giovanni Cavaglia 149 Appendix 2 A Medical Examination of Parricide and Insanity 154 Edition 3 (1884) Editors' Foreword 161 Author's Preface 163 21 Crime and Inferior Organisms 167 22 Crime and Prostitution among Savages 175 23 Origins of Punishment 183 24 Moral Insanity and Crime among Children 188 25 Anomalies of the Brain and Internal Organs 198 26 Photographs of Born Criminals 202 27 Sensitivity and Blushing in Criminals 206 28 Moral Insanity and Born Criminality 212 29 Summary of Edition 3 221 Edition 4 (1889) Editors' Foreword 227 Author's Preface 229 30 Metabolism, Menstruation, and Fertility 237 31 Criminal Communication 239 32 Art and industry among Criminals 244 33 The Epileptic Criminal 247 34 Epileptics and Born Criminals 253 35 Physiology and Etiology of Epilepsy 260 36 The Insane Criminal 267 37 Biology and Psychology of Insane Criminals 271 38 The Alcoholic Criminal 277 39 The Hysterical Criminal 281 40 The Mattoid 284 41 The Occasional Criminal 288 42 Edition 5 (1896-97) Editors' Foreword 299 42 Criminal Craniums (689 Skulls) 301 43 Anthropometry and Physiognomy of 6,608 Criminals 306 44 Political Criminals 313 45 Etiology of Crime: Urban Density, Alcoholism, Wealth, and Religion 316 46 Etiology of Crime: Heredity, Sex, and Politics 325 47 Prevention of Crime 331 48 Synthesis and Penal Applications 338 Appendix 1 Comparison of the Five Italian Editions 357 Appendix 2 Illustrations in the Five Italian Editions 364 Notes 371 Glossary 401 References 411 Index 417

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780822337232
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 448
  • ID: 9780822337232
  • ISBN10: 0822337231

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