Criminals in the Making: Criminality Across the Life-Course

Criminals in the Making: Criminality Across the Life-Course

By: Leah E. Daigle (author), Stephen G. Tibbetts (author), John Paul Wright (author)Hardback

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Description

In this text, the authors examine central issues in the development of criminal propensity through studies of life-course perspective and from criminal research involving biological and genetic factors. The authors trace the origins of criminality - that is, the propensity to violate social norms and rules - from conception through birth, through childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. The authors equally discuss biological and genetic research associated with criminality, as well as discuss research into specific environmental agents that cause, facilitate, or maintain criminal propensity.

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About Author

John Paul Wright is Professor of Criminal Justice in the Division of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati and is Distinguished Adjunct Professor at King Abdulaziz University, Jedda, Saudia Arabia. Dr. Wright was rated as the most productive associate professor in criminology and was recently evaluated as one of the most cited criminologists in the United States. He earned his undergraduate degrees in criminology from Indiana State University and his Ph.D. from the University of Cincinnati. He has published over 130 scholarly articles in criminology, psychology, behavioral genetics, and molecular genetics journals and is a frequent lecturer to professional organizations interested in the development of serious, violent offending. The winner of four teaching awards, he teaches in the area of life-course development and biosocial criminology. Stephen G. Tibbetts, currently a Professor at California State University, San Bernardino, has been pursuing an understanding of criminal offending for over the past two decades. He has attempted to discover the extent to which individuals' inherent dispositions and attitudinal traits contribute to their offending decisions, especially in relation to other factors, such as demographic, developmental, and situational factors. Dr. Tibbetts' research has included work on the differences between men and women in their decisions to commit deviant behavior, as well as their perceptions of risk and consequences of getting caught. His additional research interests include the effects of perinatal disorders as an influence in future criminality, the etiology of white-collar crime, and gang intervention. Dr. Tibbetts has published nine books and more than 50 scholarly papers examining various issues in criminology. He received the 2011 Outstanding Professor Award at CSU, San Bernardino. He previously worked extensively as an Officer of the Court in providing recommendations for dispositions of numerous juvenile court cases from 1997 to 2008. Leah E. Daigle is associate professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology in the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University. She received her PhD in criminal justice from the University of Cincinnati in 2005. Her most recent research has centered on repeat sexual victimization of college women and responses women use during and after being sexually victimized. Her other research interests include the development and continuation of offending and victimization across the life course. She is author of Victimology: A Text/Reader, coauthor of Criminals in the Making: Criminality Across the Life Course and Unsafe in the Ivory Tower: The Sexual Victimization of College Women, which was awarded the 2011 Outstanding Book Award by the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences. She has also published numerous peer-reviewed articles that have appeared in outlets such as Justice Quarterly, Journal of Quantitative Criminology, Journal of Inter-personal Violence, and Victims and Offenders.

Contents

Introduction 1. Life Course Criminology Life Course Criminology Origins of Life Course Criminology The Criminal Career Approach What Is Life Course Criminology? Concepts and Issues in Life Course Criminology Life Course Theories of Criminal Behavior Theories of Stability and Change Developmental Trajectories and Typologies of Offenders Life Course Criminality 2. The Stability of Criminal and Analogous Behavior What Do We Mean by the Stability of Criminal Behavior? How Is the Stability of Criminal Behavior Measured? Issues Related to the Measurement of Stability Empirical Findings on Stability Review of the Stability of Problem Behavior Conclusion 3. Continuity in Antisocial Potential Continuity Heterotypic, Homotypic, and Cumulative Continuity State Dependence and Population Heterogeneity Sources of Continuity Genetic Continuity Person-Environment Interactions Conclusion 4. Genetics and Crime Early Biological Explanations Biological Rejection The New Study of Biology and Behavior The Behavioral Genetic Study of Criminality Conclusion 5. Introduction to Brain Structure and Basic Functions: Part I: The Hindbrain, Midbrain, and Limbic Structures in the Development of Criminality Brain Development and Structure Conclusion 6. Introduction to Brain Structure and Basic Functions: Part II: Forebrain Formation, Trauma, and Criminal Behavior Forebrain: Cortical Region Conclusion 7. Concepts and Issues in Neuropsychological Functioning Basic Structure and Functioning of Our Nervous System Nervous System Functioning and Criminality Hormones and Their Effect on Physiology and Behavior Integrating Concepts of Physiology and Environment Conclusion 8. Gender Differences in Brain Processes and Laterality Gender Differences in Hemispheric Lateralization The Influence of Androgens (Male Hormones) A Developmental Theory for Gender Differences in Criminality Conclusion 9. Individuals and Their Social World There Is Variation Left Unexplained by Genetic Influences Brain Plasticity Is Environmentally Influenced The Correlation and Interaction Between Genes and the Environment Developmental Risk Factors Effects of Alchohol and Drugs on Fetal Development Prenatal Exposure to Nicotine Biosocial Issues in Development Activity of Nervous System: Sensation Seeking Deficits in Neuropsychological Functioning Inidividuals in Their Environment 10. Prepubescence: Infancy and Childhood What Do We Mean by Problem Behavior in Infancy and Childhood? The Prevalence and Frequency of Problem Behavior in Infancy and Childhood Continuity in Problem Behaviors Over Time 11. Postpubescence: Adolescence and Adulthood What Is Adolescence, and Why Did We Include Adulthood? Sexual Maturation and Human Development The Effects of Sexual Maturation Adolescent Development Adult Criminals 12. Policy Recommendations Contextual Factors Prior to Birth At Birth After Birth Child Development Adolescence Adulthood Caveats Closing Thoughts Index About the Authors

Product Details

  • publication date: 29/07/2008
  • ISBN13: 9781412955195
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 328
  • ID: 9781412955195
  • weight: 726
  • ISBN10: 141295519X

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