Good scientific research depends on critical thinking at least as much as factual knowledge; psychology is no exception to this rule. And yet, despite the importance of critical thinking, psychology students are rarely taught how to think critically about the theories, methods, and concepts they must use. This book shows students and researchers how to think critically about key topics such as experimental research, statistical inference, case studies, logical fallacies, and ethical judgments.
Robert J. Sternberg is Dean of Arts and Sciences at Tufts University. Prior to that, he was IBM Professor of Psychology and Education in the Department of Psychology, Professor of Management in the School of Management, and Director of the Center for the Psychology of Abilities, Competencies, and Expertise (PACE) at Yale. He continues to direct the Center from Tufts. He is the author of more than 1000 journal articles, book chapters, and books, and has received over $18 million in government and other grants and contracts for his research. Henry J. Roediger, III is the James S. McDonnell Distinguished University Professor of Psychology and the Dean of Academic Planning in Arts and Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis. He received his BA from Washington University and his Ph.D. from Yale University. His research has centered on human learning and memory and he has published more than 170 articles and chapters on various aspects of memory. In 2003, he was named to the Institute of Scientific Information's list of Highly Cited Scientists. Diane F. Halpern is Director of the Berger Institute for Work, Family, and Children and Chair and Professor of Psychology at Claremont McKenna College. She received her PhD in Psychology at the University of Cincinnati where she received the Distinguished Alumna Award in 2003. Dr Halpern was the President of the American Psychological Association in 2005.
1. The nature and nurture of critical thinking Diane F. Halpern; 2. Evaluating experimental research: critical issues Henry L. Roediger III and David P. McCabe; 3. Evaluating quasi-experimentation William Shadish; 4. Evaluating surveys and questionnaires Norbert Schwarz; 5. Critical thinking in designing and analyzing research Robert J. Sternberg and Elena Grigorenko; 6. The case study perspective on psychological research Randi Martin and Rachel Hull; 7. Informal logical fallacies Jane Risen and Thomas Gilovich; 8. Designing studies to avoid confounds Kathleen McDermott and Gregory E. Miller; 9. Evaluating theories Simon Dennis and Walter Kintsch;10. Not all experiments are created equal: on conducting and reporting persuasive experiments Mark Zanna; 11. Making claims in papers and talks Barbara A. Spellman, Judy DeLoache and Robert A. Bjork; 12. Critical thinking in clinical inference Thomas Oltmanns and E. David Klonsky; 13. Evaluating parapsychological claims Ray Hyman; 14. Why would anyone do or believe such a thing?: a social influence analysis Anthony R. Pratkanis; 15. The belief machine David K. Schneider; 16. Critical thinking and ethics in psychology Celia B. Fisher, Adam L. Fried and Jessica K. Masty; 17. Critical thinking in psychology: it really is critical Robert J. Sternberg; Index.