Critical Thinking: The Basics is an accessible and engaging introduction to the field of critical thinking, drawing on philosophy, communication and psychology. Emphasising its relevance to decision making (in personal, professional and civic life), academic literacy and personal development, this book supports the reader in understanding and developing the knowledge and skills needed to avoid poor reasoning, reconstruct and evaluate arguments, and engage constructively in dialogues.
Topics covered include:
the relationship between critical thinking, emotions and the psychology of persuasion
the role of character dispositions such as open-mindedness, courage and perseverance
argument identification and reconstruction
fallacies and argument evaluation.
With discussion questions/exercises and suggestions for further reading at the end of each main chapter, this book is an essential read for students approaching the field of critical thinking for the first time, and for the general reader wanting to improving their thinking skills and decision making abilities.
Stuart Hanscomb is a lecturer in Philosophy & Communication at the School of Interdisciplinary Studies, University of Glasgow, UK
Introduction: Waking up to bad arguments Chapter 1: Rationality, biases and emotions Chapter 2: Critical Thinking and Dispositions Chapter 3: Arguments and argument reconstruction Chapter 4: Argument forms and fallacies Chapter 5: Arguments referring to expertise, power, and message source Chapter 6: Causal arguments, generalisation, arguments from consequences and slippery slope arguments. Chapter 7: Arguments from analogy Chapter 8: Further fallacies Conclusion Glossary References