Does History produce discernable meaning? Are human struggles intelligible? These questions form the starting-point for the second volume of Sartre's Critique of Dialectical Reason. Drafted in 1958 and published in France in 1985, this magisterial work first appeared in English in 1991 and now reappears with a major new introduction by Frederic Jameson. Volume Two's theoretical framework is a logical extension of its predecessor's. As in Volume One, Sartre proceeds by moving from the simple to the complex: from individual combat (through a perceptive study of boxing) to the struggle of subgroups within an organized group form and, finally, to social struggle, with an extended analysis of the Bolshevik Revolution. The book concludes with the forceful reaffirmation of dialectical reason: of the dialectic as 'that which is truly irreducible in action'.
Jean-paul Sartre was born in Paris in 1905 and died in 1980. ini 1938 he published his first novel, Nausia, and in 1943 completed his major work in existential philosophy, Being and Nothingness. A prolific novelist and playwright, biographer of Genet and Baudilaire, and founde of the journal Les Temps Modernes, Sartre was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1964, but turned it down. Sartre's increasingly political work after May 1968 was balanced by a monumental study of Flaubert. Also published by Verso are Sartre's Between Existentialism and Marxism, War Diaries, The Freud Scenario and Volume One of the Critique of Dialectical Reason.