Crusader Archaeology examines what life was like for European settlers in the Latin East and how they were influenced by their new-found neighbours. Incorporating recent excavation results and the latest research, this new edition updates the only detailed study of the material culture of the Frankish settlers in Israel, Cyprus, Syria and Jordan. Adrian Boas provides comprehensive coverage of the key topics connected to crusader archaeology, including an examination of urban and rural settlements, agriculture, industry, the military, the church, public and private architecture, arts and crafts, leisure pursuits, death and burial and building techniques. There are also entirely new chapters on domestic architecture and disease, injury and medical treatment. Drawing on the extensive experience of an established writer in the field, Crusader Archaeology effectively combines a broad body of material to introduce readers to the archaeological research of the region. This well-illustrated volume is a crucial survey for all those interested in the Middle Ages, and in particular the Crusades.
Adrian J. Boas is Professor of Medieval Archaeology in the Departments of Archaeology and Israel Studies at the University of Haifa, Israel. He is president of the international Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East (SSCLE). His research focuses on the archaeology of the Crusader period and his publications include The Crusader World (2016), Jerusalem in the Time of the Crusades (2001) and Archaeology of the Military Orders (2006).
List of illustrations Preface and acknowledgements A note on the use of place-names Abbreviations Chronology 1 Background: the Crusades and Outremer Geography and climate The native population The Frankish settlers The Italians Frankish administration and institutions The Church The military orders 2 The city and urban life Major cities Coastal towns Inland towns 3 The rural landscape Land ownership and the rural population in the kingdom of Jerusalem Taxes and tithes Monopolies The structure of the native casalia and the status of the local peasants The Frankish villani and the planned villages Illustrations Manor houses and farmhouses Agriculture and rural industry 4 The defence of the Latin East Typology of the Crusader castle How the Franks built their castles Siege warfare 5 Frankish ecclesiastical architecture Introduction Typology 6 Frankish domestic architecture Introduction Typology 7 Crafts and minor arts Ceramics Glass Metalwork Stone vessels and objects Inscriptions and heraldry Wood Games Arms and armour Greek fire Textiles Leather working Ivory carvings Objects of bone and mother-of-pearl Crusader coins Crusader seals 8 The fine arts Figurative sculpture Non-figurative ornamentation Wall painting Mosaics Manuscript illumination Icons 9 Building techniques and materials Mortar and plaster Wood Stone Construction 10 Medicine Illness and injury Hospitals and medical treatment 11 Burials Burial customs Anthropological research Cemeteries Tombs Postscript Bibliography Index