Cultural Diffusion and Religious Reformation in Sixteenth-Century Transylvania: How the Jesuits Dealt with the Orthodox and Catholic Ideas

Cultural Diffusion and Religious Reformation in Sixteenth-Century Transylvania: How the Jesuits Dealt with the Orthodox and Catholic Ideas

By: Ioan Aurel Pop (author)Hardback

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Description

This is an extraordinarily valuable study by the doyen of Transylvanian history. Political and religious changes, fueled by the Reformation, assaulted the status-quo in European nations during the 16th Century, yet the tiny Principality of Transylvania, ruled by three separate 'nation-estates', ascribing simultaneously to seven separate religious allegiances, managed to embrace their ethnic and religious diversity without engaging in the ferocious religious wars plaguing Europe at that time.

Contents

Foreword; Introduction: The Meaning of a Place Name; 1. An Outline of Transylvanian History; 1.1 Origin, name and inhabitants; 1.2 Transylvania as a voivodate within the Kingdom of Hungry (until 1541); 1.3 The autonomous principality (1541-1688); 1.4 Transylvania under the Habsburgs (1688-1918); 2. The Political and Religious Situation of Transylvania in the 16th Century; 2.1 Medieval ethnic groups and Estates, or the land of diversity; 2.2 Universitas trium nationum or the transformation of the Estates into political-ethnic nations; 2.3 Scandala in ecclesia Dei: The causes behind the religious Reformation; 2.4 The emergence and rise of protestant denominations in Transylvania; 2.5 The acceptance of the Reformation and the system of "tolerance: - between universalism and nationhood; 2.6 Inter hos sunt disperse per totam provinciam Valachi: The situation of the Romanians; 2.7 The country of four (five) "religions," or the diversity of spiritual models in Transylvania; 2.8 The rule of Prince Stephen Bathory III (later king of Poland); 3. The Image of the Other: The Ethnic and Confessional Models of 16th Century Transylvania Seen from Abroad; 4. The Perception of One's Origin and Ethnic Identity; 5. Leading Personalities Having a Double, Triple or Multiple Ethnic and Confessional Identity; 6. Transylvanian Cultural Models in the Century of the Protestant Reformation; 7. New Cultural Landmarks Within the Carpathian Borders; 8. The Humanist and Religious Education of the Germans and of the Hungarians; 9. Culture and Education with the Romanians - between the Byzantine, Latin and Protestant Horizons; 10. The Jesuit Missions and the Higher Education Initiatives meant to Counteract the Reformation and Influence the Orthodox Believers; 10.1 The Jesuit school model; 10.2 Plans for college in Cluj; 10.3 Jesuit education at Alba Iulia and Oradea; 10.4 The creation of the Jesuit College of Cluj; AND MORE.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780773400665
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 232
  • ID: 9780773400665
  • ISBN10: 0773400664

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