This volume provides an accessible overview of cultural tourism in southern Africa. It examines the utilisation of culture in southern African tourism and the related impacts, possibilities and challenges from deep and wide-ranging perspectives. The chapters use case studies to showcase some of the cultural tourism which occurs in the region and link to concepts such as authenticity, commodification, the tourist gaze and `Otherness', heritage, sustainability and sustainable livelihoods. The authors scrutinise both positive and negative impacts of cultural tourism throughout the book and explore issues including the definition of community, ethical considerations, empowerment, gender, participation and inequality. The book will be a useful resource for students and researchers of tourism, geography, anthropology and cultural studies.
Haretsebe Manwa is Associate Professor at North-West University, South Africa. Her research encompasses tourism and poverty alleviation, wildlife tourism, community-based tourism and cultural tourism. Naomi Moswete is Senior Lecturer at the University of Botswana. Her interests include tourism as a strategy for rural development, community-based natural resources management and trans-frontier park-based tourism. Jarkko Saarinen is Professor at the University of Oulu, Finland and the University of Johannesburg, South Africa. His research interests include tourism and development, sustainability and tourism-community relations.
Preface Part 1: Perspectives on Cultural Tourism 1. Haretsebe Manwa, Naomi Moswete and Jarkko Saarinen: Introduction 2. Jarkko Saarinen: Cultural Tourism in Southern Africa: The Role of Local Cultures and Ethnicity in Tourism Development 3. Tsitso Monaheng: Integrating Indigenous Knowledge in the Development of Cultural Tourism in Lesotho 4. Joram Ndlovu: Narrative and Emotions: Interpreting Tourists' Experiences of Cultural Heritage Sites in Kwazulu Natal 5. Gareth Butler and Milena Ivanovic: Cultural Heritage Tourism Development in Post-Apartheid South Africa: Critical Issues and Challenges 6. Corne Pretorius: Cultural Tourism and the Arts Festivals 7. Cleophas Njerekai: Reflections on International Carnivals as a Destination Recovery Strategy: The Case of Zimbabwe Part 2: Impacts and Management of Cultural Tourism 8. Joseph E. Mbaiwa: The Commodification of World Heritage Sites: The Case Study of the Tsodilo Hills in Botswana 9. Patrick Walter Mamimine and Enes Madzikatire: Tourism and the Social Construction of Otherness through Traditional Music and Dance in Zimbabwe 10. Monkgogi Lenao: Rural Cultural Tourism Development and Agriculture: Evidence from Residents of Mmatshumu Village in Boteti region of Botswana 11. Renaud Lapeyre: From Hunting-gathering to Hospitality? Livelihoods and Tourism Use of Bushmen Paintings in the Brandberg Mountain, Namibia 12. Masego Monare, Naomi Moswete, Jeremy Perkins and Jarkko Saarinen: Emergence of Cultural Tourism in Southern Africa: Case Studies of Two Communities in Botswana 13. Naomi Moswete, Jarkko Saarinen and Haretsebe Manwa: Cultural Tourism in Southern Africa: Progress, Opportunities and Challenges