The book provides a clear overview of the various research stages of cardiac surgery, interventional cardiology, and cardiac anesthesia. It also deals with recent advances in minimally invasive surgery, robotic surgery, and many other innovations introduced in this field. However, aim of this volume is not only to describe the evolution of the discipline, but also to give the occasion of revisiting old and forgotten ideas that could be used successfully also nowadays if supported by modern technologies. With contributions by renowned international experts, the volume will be a very useful tool for students, residents, cardiac surgery and anesthesia professionals, cardiologists, biomedical engineers, and researchers.
Part I: Research on Cardiac Surgery and Catheterization before the Advent of Cardiopulmonary Bypass: 1. From the ancient world to the modern era: Pathways of surgical and circulation research.- 2. The ignored birth of cardiac surgery. Pericardial effusion and heart wounds.- 3. Pulmonary embolism and chronic constrictive pericarditis.- 4. Research on cardiac catheterization. Focus on Stephan Hales, Arrigo Montanari, and Werner Forssmann.- 5. The relief of mitral valve stenosis. Research on mitral and tricuspid valve repair in Russia.- 6. The relief of aortic valve pathology. From Theodor Tuffier to Charles Hufnagel.- 7. First strategies for the treatment of aortic aneurysms and dissection.- 8. Research on the surgical treatment of ischemic heart disease.- 9. Research on circulatory assist devices, heterotypic and orthotopic heart transplantation.- 10. Congenital heart disease.- 11. Anesthesia and postoperative care before the advent of cardiopulmonary bypass.- Part II: Invention of the Cardiopulmonary Bypass Machine: 12. Ignored and visionary precursors: Focus on Alexis Carrel and Charles Lindbergh.- 13. Research on cardiopulmonary bypass in Europe.- 14. Research on cardiopulmonary bypass in the U.S.A. John H. Gibbon: Biographical notes, experiments, and realization of a dream.- Part III: Research on Cardiac Surgery after the Advent of Cardiopulmonary Bypass : The Evolution of Interventional Cardiology: 15. Coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary interventions.- 16. Research on coronary stenting.- 17. Percutaneous valvuloplasty.- 18. Research on interventional septum closure.- 19. Research and evolution of mechanical and biological prosthetic heart valves.- 20. Research on valve repair and valve sparing.- 21. Research on myocardial protection.- 22. Evolution of aortic vascular prosthesis: Surgical and endovascular.- 23. Research on hypothermia, circulatory arrest, and brain protection.- 24. Surgical and cardiological ablation of atrial fibrillation.- 25. Evolution of pacemakers and defibrillators.- 26. Surgery for ischemic heart disease and mechanical complication of myocardial infarction.- 27. Surgery for mediastinitis.- 28. Engineering for IABP, ECMO, and ventricular assist devices.- 29. Heterotopic and orthotopic heart transplantation.- 30. Congenital heart disease.- 31. Bioengineering for minimally invasive and robotic cardiac surgery.- 32. Percutaneous and transapical aortic valve implantation.- 33. The evolution of anesthesia and postoperative care after the advent of cardiopulmonary bypass.