The aim of a well-designed decentralisation programme is to deliver effective services to all citizens and to deepen democracy through active popular participation in local governance. Through detailed case studies of decentralisation policies in five sub-Saharan African countries - Botswana, Cameroon, Ghana, Mozambique and Tanzania - this book examines the challenges presented, lessons learned, and recommends ways to improve policy implementation. It is clear from the analysis that there is no 'one size fits all' design of decentralisation policy. Policy-makers worldwide can use the lessons learnt and good practices presented here to better inform and advance their own decentralisation agenda.
Janet Kathyola is an Advisor in the Governance and Institutional Development Division of the Commonwealth Secretariat. She is responsible for Public Sector Development in seven countries in Southern Africa. Prior to joining the Secretariat, she held positions at the Malawi Institute of Management and in the Malawi Civil Service. Oluwatoyin Job is an Adviser for the West Africa Region in the Governance and Institutional Development Division of the Secretariat and performs a lead role in programme development and management for Commonwealth member countries in West Africa. Previously she worked at the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation and the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna.
Foreword Acronyms and Abbreviations Tables, Figures and Annexes Summary 1. Introduction 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Conceptual/Literature Review of Decentralisation 1.3 Analytical Framework and Methodology 2. Decentralisation in Botswana Summary 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Decentralisation in the Botswana Context 2.3 Devolution through Local/District Council System 2.4 Deconcentration through Sectoral Government Ministries, District Administration and other Local Institutions 2.5 Decentralisation Achievements: Improvement in Service Provision and Empowerment of Institutions for Local Governance? 2.6 Lessons, Challenges and Suggestions 3. Decentralisation in Cameroon Summary 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Cameroon: Physical, Economic, and Political Context 3.3 Decentralisation by Devolution in Cameroon 3.4 Role of Donors 3.5 Summary and Conclusion 4. Decentralisation in Ghana Summary 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Decentralisation in the Ghana Context 4.3 Devolution through District Assembly System 4.4 Deconcentration of Central Government Administration 4.5 Decentralisation to Markets and Non-State Institutions 4.6 Achievements, Challenges and Suggestions for Improvement 5. Decentralisation in Mozambique Summary 5.1 Introduction 5.2 Decentralisation in the Mozambique Context 5.3 Devolution through Municipalisation Process 5.4 Deconcentration of Central Government Administration 5.5 Decentralisation to Markets 5.6 Lessons Learned, Achievements, Challenges and Suggestions for Improvement 6. Decentralisation in Tanzania Summary 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Country Background 6.3 D-by-D in LGRP I: Status of Implementation 6.4 D-by-D: Successes and Challenges 6.5 Local Government Reform Programme Phase II (2009-2014) 6.6 Conclusion 7. Cross-Cutting Issues, Challenges, Good Practices and Possible Intervention Opportunities 7.1 Introduction and Overview 7.2 Analyses of Current Decentralisation Policies and Practices 7.3 Lessons and Challenges 7.4 Good Practices and Potential Interventions References Index