Democracy (ECPR Classics)
By: Jack Lively (author)Paperback
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Jack Lively, who died in 1998, published Democracy in 1975. It is a 'classic' because it deals with a large and highly controversial subject in a brief, clear and definite way. It exemplifies the art of producing a short book on a large subject, written with quiet authority that inspires the reader's confidence in the judgements being made. Part of this authoritativeness derives from his perspective being richly informed by historical study. The central thesis is that the meaning of democracy is political equality. Less explicitly but importantly, there are two related sub-themes: the relationship between political equality and social equality, and the need (as Lively saw it) to consider political equality as one of a number of desirable social values which might need to be weighed in the balance. This thesis, and these themes, are in one way timeless; and the book may justly be regarded as a classic exposition of the political equality characterisation of democracy.In another way, the book is a classic because it deals with a particular period in the academic debate about democracy: when the value (and even the possibility) of normative enquiry was widely doubted; when the status of 'political theory' was challenged both in the discipline of politics and by the claims of other 'modes of theorising' (Lively's term); and, above all, when the value (and even possibility) of democracy itself was strenuously contested.
Jack Lively's central concerns in political theory were the study of Enlightenment and post-Enlightenment thought, in particular the study of democracy, and the defence of liberal values of rational political engagement and ameliorative social policy. Political theory was to be pursued by combining political realism with moral seriousness. He wished to resist (once?) fashionable ideas about the death of liberalism, the impossibility of rational political discourse, and the allegedly crippling relativity of morality.
NEW INTRODUCTION: By Andrew Reeve CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION CHAPTER TWO: THE MEANING OF DEMOCRACY The Majority Principle The extent of citizenship Majority decision Political equality The Rule of the People Possible requirements of popular rule Insufficient requirements Responsible government Conclusion CHAPTER THREE: THEORIES OF DEMOCRACY Classification or Ideal Types Empirical Generalizations The conditions of democracy The explanatory value of empirical theory The normative content of empirical theory Deductive Models An economic theory of democracy Economic theory as a recommendatory theory Economic theory as an explanatory theory Explanations of elections Utopian Schemes CHAPTER FOUR: THE ENDS OF DEMOCRACY The General Interest The Common Good Liberty Participation CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSION INDEX
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- ID: 9780955248801
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