Part 1 Reasons for political protests in Africa: external political factors; internal political factors; internal economic factors; political protests in Cameroon. Part 2 Democratization and modernization: the notions of democratization; the disparities in democratization; contending perspectives of modernization; inherent assumptions of modernization. Part 3 Re-thinking democratization and modernization: explaining democratization and modernization. Part 4 Cameroon politics in the Ahidjo era: the background of Cameroon; independence and reunification; creation and operation of the authoritarian state; the forging of a unitary state. Part 5 Towards democracy: Paul Biya as president; political protests and state response; struggles for linguistic unity. Part 6 Political economy today. Part 7 The Cameroon paradox. Part 8 Conclusion - future research.