Of vital interest to all librarians and information specialists, this book presents all aspects of the effects of digitization of today's and tomorrow's libraries. From social to technical issues, Digital Libraries includes chapters on the growth of the role of librarian, the reader experience, cataloging, search engines, OPAC, law, ergonomic studies, and the future of libraries.
Fabrice Papy is Associate Professor of Information Science at the University of Paris 8 in France. He founded the 'Digital Document and Uses" Lab where multidisciplinary researchers study the impact of digital technologies on social behavior.
Preface ( Fabrice PAPY and Gil-Francois EUVRARD ). Chapter 1. The Growth of the Role of Librarians and Information Officers in Digital Libraries ( Christian LUPOVICI ). 1.1. Changes in the world of documentation. 1.2. Transformations in the economic situation of libraries. 1.3. Changing a paradigm: changing the object "information". 1.4. Changing a paradigm: information in a network of documentation. 1.5. A new way of organizing libraries: the impact of the digital revolution. 1.6. New trends. 1.7. The digital library. 1.8. Introducing different layers to the core sector of the profession. 1.9. Broadening skills and responsibilities for all of the library's staff. Chapter 2. The Tao of the Digital Library: A Library Without a Librarian? (Joachim SCHOPFEL and Jacques CREUSOT). 2.1. The technological supremacy of the concept of the "digital library". 2.2. TSI's influence on the market. 2.3. The virtualization of a document's function. 2.4. Development and changes to job profiles in the CNRS directory 1982-2002. 2.5. Supporting professions - the INIST approach. 2.6. A new job profile is emerging - the e-serials librarian. 2.7. Developments in training requirements - the UKSG workshops 1990-2004. 2.8. "He who takes the longest strides...". 2.9. Bibliography. Chapter 3. The Reader Faced with a Digital Library: the Experience of the Pasteur Institute ( Emmanuelle JANNES-OBER ). 3.1. Introduction. 3.2. Which services should be aimed at what kind of audience? 3.3. How are services used? 3.4. Current problems. Chapter 4. University Students' Information Strategies: From Institutional Expectations to Real Uses ( Marie DESPRES-LONNET ). 4.1. Introduction. 4.2. Methodological issues. 4.3. Relating use and environment. 4.4. Resource legitimacy. 4.5. The evolution of the figure of the "third party". 4.6. Conclusion. 4.7. Bibliography. Chapter 5. The Digital Spirit: Digital Libraries and Democracy ( Olivier FRESSARD ). 5.1. Books and libraries function as an objective spirit. 5.2. The symbolic value of books stored within a library. 5.3. How can the project of a digital library be realized? 5.4. Digital libraries are actually very rare! 5.5. Technical supports and new ways of reading. 5.6. Two different types of logic within reading processes. 5.7. The sociological significance of different reading processes. 5.8. Does the "library of democracy" exist? 5.9. Access and usage. 5.10. Tocqueville - a sociological model of democracy. 5.11. The library's devices and the disposition of the public. 5.12. Libraries are facing a cultural crisis. 5.13. Conclusion. 5.14. Bibliography. Chapter 6. Accessing Library Catalogs in the Age of Digital Libraries and Search Engines: Gaps, Disruptions and Transformation? ( Dominique LAHARY ). 6.1. Prehistory. 6.2. The age of OPAC. 6.3. The secret order. 6.4. Conclusion. 6.5. Bibliography. Chapter 7. Stakes and Prospects of Heuristic Visualization for OPAC Use ( Sophie CHAUVIN ). 7.1. Complexity of information systems. 7.2. Sense and visualization. 7.3. Visualization and the trail of knowledge. 7.4. Interface, intermediaries and amplification of coherence. 7.5. Usage and perspectives. 7.6. Bibliography. Chapter 8. 3D Interaction for Digital Libraries ( Pierre CUBAUD ). 8.1. Introduction. 8.2. The page as a surface. 8.3. The book and reading interfaces. 8.4. Research collections and research interfaces. 8.5. Conclusion. 8.6. Bibliography. Chapter 9. Using Facets to Classify and Access Digital Resources: Proposal and Example ( Michele HUDON ). 9.1. Introduction. 9.2. Examining existing classification structures. 9.3. A faceted structure to organize and access resources in a virtual library in education. 9.4. General conclusion. 9.5. Bibliography. Chapter 10. Digital Libraries: the Publication of Legal Documents Online within the Info-mediation Service ( Fabien GIRARD DE BARROS ). 10.1. Availability, instantaneity and simplicity of information: the minimum requirements for legal publications on the Internet. 10.2. The relevance of information: from the documentalist's know-how to the documentalist/info-mediator. 10.3. The sharing of judicial information: when the judicial publisher becomes the computer technician. 10.4. Conclusion. 10.5. Bibliography. Chapter 11. What Scholarly and Pedagogic Material is Available Online for the Virtual User Within French Universities? (Ghislaine CHARTRON and Marc MINON). 11.1. The availability of scholarly and pedagogic material online within French universities: an assessment. 11.2. Published digital resources and distance teaching devices: an even weaker synergy. 11.3. The evolution of activities for libraries: future priorities? 11.4. Bibliography. Chapter 12. The Revel@Nice Project: the Creation and Prospects of a Pioneering Site of Online Periodicals and Journals ( Michel ROLAND ). 12.1. The project. 12.2. Creation. 12.3. Sustainability and longevity. 12.4. Post-scriptum: today. Chapter 13. Evaluating the Use and Users of Digital Journal Libraries ( David NICHOLAS and Paul HUNTINGTON ). 13.1. Introduction. 13.2. Digital libraries evaluated. 13.3. Use of digital journals. 13.4. Site penetration and "bouncing". 13.5. Reflections on what constitutes a digital library "user". 13.6. Reflecting on the meaning of "use". 13.7. Widespread popular interest in digital journals. 13.8. Search approaches. 13.9. User diversity. 13.10. Conclusions. 13.11. Bibliography. Chapter 14. Digital Collections in Libraries: Development and Continuity ( Helene ROUSSEL ). 14.1. Introduction. 14.2. Adaptations and alterations in the document chain. 14.3. Searching and catalogs. 14.4. ... searching and mega-catalogs. 14.5. Organization of collections. 14.6. Physical processing, accessibility and placement online. 14.7. Preservation. 14.8. ... and dissemination. 14.9. Conclusion. 14.10. Bibliography. Chapter 15. Ergonomic Standards and the Uses of Digital Libraries ( Nicole LOMPRE ). 15.1. Introduction. 15.2. The evolution of ergonomic standards for user interfaces. 15.3. Study of the uses of digital libraries. 15.4. Conclusion. 15.5. Bibliography. Chapter 16. A Document Information System Within the University: From the Project's Conception to its Installation ( Corinne LEBLOND ). 16.1. Where do the university and its document information system originate from? Conditions for use of such a system. 16.2. The implementation of the document information system. 16.3. From the idea to reality: the spread of the document management system and the documentation portal. 16.5. Uses and feedback. 16.6. Prospects and development. Chapter 17. Do Libraries Have a Future in Academia? ( Robert CAMPBELL ). 17.1. The control of knowledge. 17.2. The changing use of journals. 17.3. Will the serials librarian survive? 17.4. Towards a more efficient system. 17.5. The challenge ahead. 17.6. The versioning problem. 17.7. Developing countries. 17.8. Open computation. 17.9. Conclusion. 17.10. Bibliography. List of Authors. Index.