The key message of this book is that heterogeneity should be seen as an intrinsic and indispensable element of knowledge systems. The authors address the concept of heterogeneity in a multi-disciplinary fashion, including perspectives from evolutionary economics and innovation system studies, and relate this approach to existing theories in a broad range of fields.
The book postulates that one approach to such a re-conceptualization is what we call the `Mode 3' system consisting of `Innovation Networks' and `Knowledge Clusters' for knowledge creation, diffusion and use. This is a multi-layered, multi-modal, multi-nodal and multi-lateral system, encompassing mutually and complementary reinforcing innovation networks and knowledge clusters consisting of human and intellectual capital, shaped by social capital and underpinned by financial capital.
Diversity in the Knowledge Economy and Society will appeal to academics and researchers of innovation and science, knowledge management and economics.
Edited by Elias G. Carayannis, Professor of Science, Technology, Innovation and Entrepreneurship, School of Business, George Washington University, US, Aris Kaloudis, Gjovik College University and Age Mariussen, Nordland Research Institute, Finland
Contents: Preface 1. Introduction Elias G. Carayannis, Aris Kaloudis and Age Mariussen 2. Technological Evolution, Innovation and Human Agency Helge Godo 3. Heterogeneity in Economic Thought: Foundations and Modern Methods Mark Knell 4. Heterogeneity, Rationality and Institutions Tore Sandven 5. Conceptual Framework for an Analysis of Diversity and Heterogeneity in the Knowledge Economy and Society Elias G. Carayannis 6. Towards a Communicative Theory of Diverse Innovation Systems Finn Orstavik 7. Entrepreneurship and Heterogeneity Olav R. Spilling 8. Heterogeneity Interpreted and Identified as Changes in the Populations of Firms Svein Olav Nas and Tore Sandven 9. IPRs and Norwegian Enterprises: Diversification of Innovative Efforts in Norwegian Firms Eric J. Iversen 10. Heterogeneity and Knowledge-Intensive Business Services in the City Heidi Wiig Aslesen 11. Specialization and Heterogeneity in Small National Economies: The Nordic Countries Age Mariussen 12. Heterogeneity as Sectoral Specialization: The Case of EU15 Aris Kaloudis 13. Heterogeneity and International R&D Collaboration Elias G. Carayannis 14. Conclusion Elias G. Carayannis, Aris Kaloudis and Age Mariussen Index