Legislative and institutional affirmative and positive action policies, intended to increase accessibility and the participation of historically disadvantaged groups in employment and education, have been with us for some time, particularly in Anglo Saxon countries. One of the major issues they are intended to address is gender inequality. Proponents of these policies have hailed quota initiatives as a key to promoting equal opportunities and reducing discrimination. At the same time, affirmative action policies and processes have been challenged in courts and have caused controversy in educational establishments, highlighting the fact that these practices can have negative consequences. Exploring the application of quotas and affirmative action at an institutional or organizational level from a variety of different perspectives, the contributions in Diversity Quotas, Diverse Perspectives provide an understanding of the complexity and controversial nature of policies and actions in different countries. Even within Europe, implementation has varied widely from country to country.
For example, while most European countries have employment quotas for people with disabilities, there is little consistency among the European Union's member states when it comes to quotas and other policies relating to ethnic minorities in employment and educational settings. Focussing here particularly on gender-related initiatives, but raising questions pertinent to other aspects of diversity, the contributions from international researchers investigate variances between and differing justifications for policies. The book offers a global perspective on the subject and expands the discussion of it beyond Anglo-Saxon contexts.
Stefan GrA schl and Junko Takagi are co-chairs of Leadership and Diversity at ESSEC Business School, Paris, France. Both editors are Associate Professors in the Management Department at ESSEC. Dr GrA schl obtained his MSc and PhD at Oxford Brookes University in the UK. GrA schl has been widely published in journals and conference proceedings and has contributed to three books. He has recently edited Diversity in the Workplace for Gower. Dr Takagi has a BA from Tokyo University of Foreign Studies; an MA from the University of British Columbia; and a PhD from Stanford University. Her current areas of interest are women on corporate boards and multicultural identities.
Contents: Preface; Introduction: gender quotas in management; Part I Quota Systems in Different Cultural Settings: The 'golden skirts': lessons from Norway about women on corporate boards of directors, Morten Huse; The feasibility of the Dutch Quota Bill, Mijntje Luckerath-Rovers; Legislation and voluntarism: two approaches to achieving equal employment opportunity outcomes for women in New Zealand, Fiona Hurd and Suzette Dyer; Spain: the drive for gender equality, Patricia Gabaldon; Striving for gender equality in the 'new' South Africa: government and legislative initiatives, Stella M. Nkomo; Women in India: their odyssey towards equality, Radha R. Sharma and Shoma Mukherji. Part II Conceptual Perspectives on Quota Systems: Quotas for securing gender justice, Marjan Radjavi; Gender diversity on UK boards: exploring resistance to quotas, Elena Doldor; The construction of workplace identities for women: some reflections on the impact of female quotas and role models, Junko Takagi and Shora Moteabbed; Down for the count: how meritocratic ideology stigmatizes quotas in the United States and some alternative paths to equality, Maureen A. Scully; The gender issue: identity and differences revisited, Laurent Bibard; Index.
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