In the United States, the popular symbols of organised crime are still Depression-era figures such as Al Capone, Lucky Luciano, and Meyer Lansky - thought to be heads of giant, hierarchically organised mafias. In Double Crossed, Michael Woodiwiss challenges perpetuated myths to reveal a more disturbing reality of organised crime - one in which government officials and the wider establishment are deeply complicit.
Delving into attempts to implement policies to control organised crime in the US, Italy and the UK, Woodiwiss reveals little-known manifestations of organised crime among the political and corporate establishment. A follow up to his 2005 Gangster Capitalism, Woodiwiss broadens and brings his argument up to the present by examining those who constructed and then benefited from myth making. These include the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, opportunistic American politicians and officials and, more recently, law enforcement bureaucracies, led by the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Organised crime control policies now tend to legitimise repression and cover-up failure. They do little to control organised crime. While the US continues to export its organised crime control template to the rest of the world, opportunities for successful criminal activity proliferate at local, national and global levels, making successful prosecutions irrelevant.
Michael Woodiwiss is a Senior Lecturer in History at the University of the West of England. He has written extensively on organised, corporate, and state crime. His books include Double Crossed (Pluto, 2017), Organized Crime and American Power (University of Toronto Press, 2001) and Gangster Capitalism (Constable, 2005).
Acknowledgements Foreword PART 1 - The Construction of an Acceptable Understanding of 'Organized Crime' Introduction 1. The Rise and Fall of Muckraking Business Criminality 2. America's Moral Crusade and the Making of Illegal Markets INSET 1 - The Origins of Mafia Mythology in America 3. Charles G. Dawes and the Molding of Public Opinion on Organized Crime 4. Al Capone as Public Enemy Number 1 5. Al Capone and the Business of Crime INSET 2 - The Legends and Lives of Al Capone and Eliot Ness 6. Americanizing Mussolini's Phony War against the Mafia 7. "Organized Crime" in a Fascist State 8. Gangbusting and Propaganda 9. Thomas E. Dewey and 'the Greatest Gangster in America' 10. From Gang Busters to Murder Inc. PART 2 - Lies about Criminals: The Construction of an Acceptable 'History' of Organized Crime 1. The Genesis of the Atlantic City "Conference" Legend 2. Consolidating the "Conference" Legend 3. The Purge that Wasn't 4. The US Government's History of Organized Crime INSET 3 - Lucky Luciano and a Life in Exile PART 3 - Covering up Failure: The Construction of an Acceptable Response to 'Organized Crime' 1. Mafia Mythology and the Federal Response 2. President Richard Nixon and Organized Crime Control 3. Challenging the Orthodoxy 4. Sustaining and Updating Mafia Mythology 5. From Super-government to Super-governments: The Pluralist Revision of Organized Crime 6. The Origins of the Anti-Money Laundering Regime INSET - 4 Meyer Lansky and a Phony History of Money Laundering 7. Informants, Liars and Paranoiacs 8. Seizing Assets to Fund the Crime War 9. Organized Crime as a Consequence of American Prison Policy 10. Organized Business Crime - The Elephant in the Room 11. Deregulation and the Rise of Corporate Fraud 12. Fraud and the Financial Meltdown 13. Hiding the Failure of Organized Crime Control 14. Repression as Organized Crime Control PART 4 - Selling Failure: Setting the Global Agenda on Drugs, Organized Crime and Money Laundering 1. Building Capacity 2. Americanizing the British Drug Control System 3. Dumbing the International Response to Drugs and 'Organized Crime' 4. Repression and Profits: Colombia, Mexico and Banks Too Big to Charge 5. The Atlantic Alliance as a Money Laundry Epilogue Notes Index