Scott H. Decker is Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Arizona State University. He is the author of Life in the Gang: Family, Friends and Violence. Margaret Townsend Chapman is an Associate at Abt Associates Inc.
Table of Contents Chapter 1. Motivation for the Study Understanding Drug Smuggling Impact of Drug Interdiction and Eradication Efforts Summary Chapter 2. The Organization of the Study Study Design Interview Sample Summary Chapter 3. Drug Smuggling Organizations Movement Away from Cartels Structure and Movement of Drugs Suppliers Brokers in Colombia Offices Transporters Brokers in the U.S. Retailers Summary Chapter 4. Movement of Drugs Transportation Routes Source to Midpoint Midpoint to United States United States Methods of Transport Private Vessel Commercial Vessel Private Plane Commercial Plane Vehicle Summary Chapter 5. Roles, Recruitment into, and Remaining Involved in the Drug Smuggling Trade Drug Smuggling Roles Offloaders Boat Captain Airplane Pilot Organizer U.S. Brokers and Intermediaries Recruitment into Drug Smuggling Personal Ties Organizational Ties Government Recruitment Motivation for Drug Smuggling Leaving Drug Smuggling Summary Chapter 6. Balancing Risk and Reward Minimizing Risks Avoiding Detection Changes in Smuggling Activities in Response to Risk Getting Caught Assessing Risk Perceptions of U.S. Criminal Justice System Role of Arrest Role of Conviction Role of Imprisonment Role of Getting Caught Role of Conspiracy "If you Were in Charge" Summary Chapter 7. Making Sense of Drug Smuggling: Conclusions and Summary Organizational Structure Managing Risk Potential Responses by Law Enforcement References Appendix1. Instrumentation Study Design Appendix 2. Study Design