Drugs and Crime: A Complex Relationship. Third revised and expanded edition (Health & Society Third revised and expanded edition)

Drugs and Crime: A Complex Relationship. Third revised and expanded edition (Health & Society Third revised and expanded edition)

By: Natacha Brunelle (author), Serge Brochu (author), Chantal Plourde (author), Julie da Silva (translator)Paperback

Special OrderSpecial Order item not currently available. We'll try and order for you.

Description

Concevoir la question des drogues illicites en dehors de leur contexte criminel est difficile. Certaines questions reviennent immanquablement : prendre de la drogue pousse-t-il vraiment a la delinquance ? Existe-t-il des drogues aux proprietes criminogenes ? Pourquoi un toxicomane se tourne-t-il vers la criminalite ? Quelles sont les meilleures facons d'intervenir aupres des personnes qui ont de graves problemes de consommation ? Cette troisieme edition presente la relation complexe entre drogue et criminalite, evitant les enonces sommaires qui voudraient que l'usage de substances psychoactives mene necessairement au crime. Elle met ainsi en lumiere les contextes politiques et legaux lies aux drogues et fait une synthese exceptionnelle des resultats de la recherche des vingt dernieres annees. Les auteurs rendent compte de l'importance accrue qu'on accorde desormais aux usagers de drogues illicites ainsi qu'aux personnes dependantes et ils decrivent les differentes formes d'aide qui leur sont proposees.

Contents

List of Figures and Tables.......................................................... ix Acknowledgments...................................................................... xi INTRODUCTION....................................................................... 1 Illegal Psychoactive Substances in Canada................................. 2 Drug Use and Criminal Behaviour.............................................. 3 CHAPTER 1 Links Between Drugs and Crime in Facts and Figures............... 5 Youth........................................................................................... 6 Adults.......................................................................................... 9 Justice-involved Individuals....................................................... 9 Drugs in Prison......................................................................... 12 Substance-dependent Individuals............................................. 15 CHAPTER 2 Drugs: A Detailed Criminogenic Profile................................. 19 Selected Important Definitions................................................ 20 Intoxication and Criminal Behaviour....................................... 22 Cannabinoids............................................................................ 22 Stimulants................................................................................. 26 Cocaine..................................................................................... 26 Amphetamine-type Stimulants................................................. 28 Benzodiazepines....................................................................... 30 Heroin and Other Opioids........................................................ 32 Hallucinogens........................................................................... 33 Drug Interactions...................................................................... 34 Victimization While Under the Influence of a Psychoactive Substance............................................................ 35 The Role of Intoxication........................................................... 38 Dependence and Criminal Behaviour....................................... 38 How Users Support Their Habit............................................... 39 Crime as an Income-generating Activity.................................. 40 Acquisitive Crime..................................................................... 41 Trafficking................................................................................. 43 Other Lucrative Criminal Activities.......................................... 46 Links Between Dependence and Criminal Activity.................. 46 CHAPTER 3 The Legal and Political Landscape ........................................... 51 The Road to Repression............................................................. 51 Globalization of Trade............................................................... 51 Prohibition................................................................................. 54 The War on Drugs..................................................................... 56 Action Against Drug Producers................................................ 56 Action Against Drug Importers and Distributors..................... 57 Action Against Users ............................................................... 60 Europe....................................................................................... 65 The Netherlands........................................................................ 66 Portugal..................................................................................... 67 The Americas............................................................................ 69 The United States...................................................................... 69 Uruguay..................................................................................... 70 Canada....................................................................................... 70 Different Concepts and Approaches ......................................... 73 Normalizing the Relationship With Users................................. 74 CHAPTER 4 Proximal and Distal Models: A Static Conceptualization........ 79 Proximal Elements.................................................................... 79 Goldstein's Tripartite Model..................................................... 80 The Psychopharmacological Model ......................................... 80 The Economic-Compulsive Model........................................... 83 The Systemic Model................................................................. 87 Non-Mutually Exclusive Types of Crime................................ 92 The Inverse Proximal Model.................................................... 93 Distal Elements......................................................................... 96 CHAPTER 5 Trajectories: A Dynamic Conceptualization........................... 101 The Evolving Drug-Crime Relationship ............................... 102 Deviant Trajectories................................................................ 104 Experimentation and Occasional Use .....................................105 Frequent Use........................................................................... 106 Regular Use............................................................................ 107 Addiction................................................................................ 110 Factors That Influence the Progression and Maintenance of Deviant Trajectories........................................................... 112 The Substance Itself............................................................... 112 Income.................................................................................... 113 Environment .......................................................................... 113 Traumatic Events.................................................................... 114 Reduction, Cessation, and Interruption.................................. 115 Peer Pressure ......................................................................... 115 Internal Pressure..................................................................... 116 Organizational Pressure......................................................... 116 Deviant Environment Pressures............................................. 116 Women's Distinctive Trajectory............................................. 117 CHAPTER 6 Deviant Lifestyles: An Integrated Conceptualization............. 123 The Integrative Model ............................................................ 124 Risk Factors............................................................................ 125 Deviant Lifestyles................................................................... 126 Degrees of Permeation ........................................................... 128 Stages of Progression.............................................................. 128 CHAPTER 7 Treating Addicts in the Criminal Justice System.................... 139 Access to Treatment.................................................................139 Punishment or Rehabilitation?.................................................140 "Nothing Works"......................................................................141 The Punitive Post-Martinson Era............................................ 141 "What Works?"....................................................................... 142 Treating Drug Dependence in Offenders................................ 143 Drug Courts............................................................................ 143 Post-sentencing Treatment..................................................... 145 Cognitive-Behavioural Programs........................................... 147 Therapeutic Communities and Boot Camps........................... 148 Peer Support and Twelve-Step Groups...................................150 Methadone Maintenance Programs........................................ 150 Motivational Interviewing ..................................................... 152 Co-occurring Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders... 152 Ingredients for Treatment Success...........................................153 Screening and Assessment...................................................... 154 Personalized Plans.................................................................. 155 Relapse Prevention................................................................. 156 Motivation ............................................................................. 156 Judicial Pressure .................................................................... 158 The Therapeutic Relationship................................................. 161 Adequate Treatment Duration................................................. 162 Aftercare................................................................................. 163 Extension of Social Control.................................................... 164 The Real Client....................................................................... 165 Boundaries and Bridges ......................................................... 166 Conclusion ............................................................................. 171 The Drug-Crime Relationship .............................................. 173 Who?...................................................................................... 173 Why?...................................................................................... 174 What?..................................................................................... 174 How Can Society Intervene?................................................. 175 Implementing Appropriate Policies....................................... 175 Providing Suitable Care......................................................... 177 References.............................................................................. 179 Authors and Translator........................................................... 225

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780776626321
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 240
  • ID: 9780776626321
  • weight: 329
  • ISBN10: 0776626329
  • translations: French
  • language of text: English
  • edition: Third revised and expanded edition

Delivery Information

  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

Prices are for internet purchases only. Prices and availability in WHSmith Stores may vary significantly

Close