This book reviews the extensive literature on early recollections and organizes various interpretive systems of evaluating early memories. The practitioner will find specific and detailed guidelines for administering and interpreting early recollections to help integrate these memories into counseling and psychotherapy. Following a carefully articulated contextual approach to early recollections, which synthesizes three perspectives - subjective, interpersonal and objective - come suggestions for using early recollections in the counseling process and a full-length case study to explicate the model and demonstrate the utility of using this approach.
Arthur J. Clarke, Ed.D., is a Professor and Coordinator of the Counseling and Development Program at St. Lawrence University in Canton, New York. He is an editorial board member of the Journal of Counseling and Development and the author of Defense Mechanisms in the Counseling Process.
Part I: Early Recollections: Introduction, Theoretical Perspectives, and Research 1.Introduction of Early Recollections Introduction Advantages of Early Recollections in Counseling and Psychotherapy Disadvantages of Early Recollections in Counseling and Psychotherapy Early Recollections in a Contextural and Developmental Model Early Recollections in a Case Illustration 2. Theoretical Perspectives of Early Memories Introduction Alfred Adler's Perspectives in Early Memories Sigmund Freud's Perspectives on Early Memories Recovered Memories, False Memories, and Early Recollections 3. Taxonomic Considerations and Personality Dimensions of Early Memories Introduction Taxonomic Investigations Personality Dimensions Summary 4. Diagnostic Impressions of Early Recollections Introduction Clinical Disorders Personality Disorders Summary Part II: Early Recollections: Scoring Systems, Administration, and Interpretation 5. Scoring Systems of Early Recollections Introduction Scoring Systems Contextural Assessment Summary 6. Administration of Early Recollections Introduction General Administration Procedures Situational Administration Procedures Summary 7. Interpretation of Early Recollections Subjective, Interpersonal, and Objective Perspectives Organizing and Synthesizing Early Recollections Perspectives Summary 8. Training and Practice of Early Recollections Introduction Training in Early Recollections Practice Exercises in Early Recollections Summary Part III: Early Recollections: Applications in Counseling and Psychotherapy 9. Early Recollections in the Counseling Process Introduction Theoretical Considerations The Counseling Process Application Issues and Variations in the Use of Early Recollections Summary 10. Early Recollections in the Counseling Process: A Case Study The Counseling Process References About the Author Index