ECO-Design for Buildings and Neighbourhoods
By: Bruno Peuportier (author)Hardback
1 - 2 weeks availability
A growing number of urban inhabitants are aware of pressing environmental concerns. This book aims to provide information about relevant environmental quality criteria in urban construction settings, before methods are proposed for assessing these criteria. These will be extremely helpful to eco-building designs, commencing from the very early stages of a project (site selection, program, architectural designs) to the detailed design, construction and management of buildings. The book covers eco-technologies in the field of energy and water conservation, renewable energy, waste management and environmentally-friendly materials, but does not lose sight of comfort and health aspects.
Dr. Bruno Peuportier holds an engineering degree from the Ecole Centrale de Paris, and a PhD degree from Universite Paris VI. He is presently senior scientist at the Centre for Energy Efficiency of Systems of MINES Paristech, Paris. He has developed software tools for green design: COMFIE (thermal simulation) and EQUER (life cycle assessment). He has carried out several demonstration projects regarding the construction or renovation of public housing, office buildings and schools, and has coordinated several European projects in these fields.
Introduction 1 The environmental quality of buildings 1 Environmental impacts 1.1 Global scale 1.1.1 The greenhouse effect 1.1.2 Destruction of the ozone layer 1.1.3 Depletion of resources 1.1.4 Impacts on biodiversity 1.1.5 Proliferation of nuclear power 1.2 Regional scale 1.2.1 Effects linked to air pollution 220.127.116.11 Acidification 18.104.22.168 Smog and outside air pollution 1.2.2 Water abstraction and pollution 22.214.171.124 Water management 126.96.36.199 Dystrophication 188.8.131.52 Other impacts on aquatic environments 1.2.3 Waste and soil pollution 1.2.4 Radioactivity 1.2.5 Risks 1.3 Local scale 1.3.1 Noise 1.3.2 Degradation of ecosystems and landscapes 1.3.3 Land use 1.3.4 Microclimate perturbations 1.3.5 Odours 1.4 In the building itself 1.5 Summary of impacts 2 Environmental indicators 2.1 Potential, or mid-point indicators 2.1.1 Greenhouse effect 2.1.2 Destruction of the stratospheric ozone layer 2.1.3 Acidification 2.1.4 Eutrophication 2.1.5 Winter SMOG 2.1.6 Summer SMOG (photochemical ozone formation) 2.2 Critical volume indicators 2.2.1 Ecotoxicity 2.2.2 Odours 2.2.3 Human toxicity 2.2.4 Indicators of the AFNOR standard NF P01-010 2.3 Damage-oriented indicators 2.3.1 Impacts on health (years of life lost) 2.3.2 Impacts on ecosystems 2.4 Other indicators 2.5 Urban environmental indicators 2.5.1 Emission source indicators (pressures) 184.108.40.206 Energy flows 220.127.116.11 Transportation 18.104.22.168 The water cycle 22.214.171.124 Waste management 2.5.2 State indicators 126.96.36.199 Air quality 188.8.131.52 Contribution to the greenhouse effect 184.108.40.206 Noise 220.127.116.11 Land use and green space 18.104.22.168 Soil contamination from heavy metals 22.214.171.124 Water quality 2.6 Environmental indicators and sustainable development 2.7 Conclusions of chapter 2 3 Methodologies and professional tools 3.1 Life cycle assessment 3.1.1 Methodology used 3.1.2 Modeling buildings: An object-based approach 3.1.3 Data collection 3.1.4 Software development 3.1.5 Limitations of the methodology 3.1.6 Example of experimental application at the Ecologis exhibition 3.1.7 First sensitivity analyses: Relative contributions of different sources of impact 3.1.8 Normalization of an ecoprofile 3.1.9 Other life cycle assessment tools for buildings 3.1.10 Conclusions 3.2 Thermal simulation 3.2.1 Modeling principles 3.2.2 Main hypotheses and limits of the model 3.2.3 Resolution algorithm 3.2.4 Computer development 3.2.5 Validating calculations 3.2.6 Several applications of the software 3.2.7 User interface 3.3 Lighting calculations 3.3.1 Light 3.3.2 External illuminance 3.3.3 Modeling daylighting using the lumen method 3.3.4 Artificial lighting 3.4 Acoustic calculations 3.4.1 Simplified tools 3.4.2 Detailed tools 3.5 Evaluation of health impacts 3.6 Worksite waste management 3.7 General tools 3.8 Using tools 3.8.1 Programming 126.96.36.199 Retrofitting or (re)construction 188.8.131.52 Choice of site 184.108.40.206 Drawing up the architectural programme 3.8.2 Project management, architectural design and engineering 3.8.3 Managing a worksite 3.8.4 Managing housing stock 3.9 Conclusions and perspectives for tools 3.9.1 Inter-model linking 3.9.2 Adaptating models to project progress 3.9.3 From evaluation to design 3.9.4 Designing neighbourhoods 4 Building "eco-techniques" 4.1 Energy efficiency and renewable energy 4.1.1 Heating 4.1.2 Air conditioning 4.1.3 Air renewal 4.1.4 Lighting and electricity consumption 4.1.5 Domestic hot water 4.2 Water management and quality 4.3 Waste treatment 4.4 Building products 4.5 Comfort and health 4.5.1 Acoustic comfort 4.5.2 Visual comfort 4.5.3 Thermal comfort 4.5.4 Air quality and olfactory comfort 4.5.5 Other health aspects 4.6 Conclusions of chapter 4 5 Applications and constructions 5.1 Detached houses 5.1.1 Aurore housing estate (Ardennes) 220.127.116.11 System operations 18.104.22.168 Assistance provided on the project's design 22.214.171.124 Description of the experimental installation 126.96.36.199 Monitoring results 188.8.131.52 Conclusions of the experimental monitoring 184.108.40.206 Life cycle assessment 5.1.2 Experimental construction of Castanet Tolosan (Haute-Garonne) 5.1.3 Winner of the competition solar habitat, contemporary habitat (Rhone) 5.1.4 Passive houses in Formerie (Oise) 5.2 Apartment, tertiary buildings and retrofit 5.2.1 Tertiary building in Meze (Herault) 5.2.2 Retrofit of a social housing apartment block in Montreuil (Paris suburbs) 5.3 Eco-neighbourhoods 5.3.1 Ecolonia project (Netherlands) 220.127.116.11 Description of the programme 18.104.22.168 Energy-saving design 22.214.171.124 Managing over the life cycle 5.3.2 Vauban neighbourhood in Freiburg (Germany) 5.3.3 Lyon confluence neighbourhood 5.4 Management aspects 5.4.1 Managing building operations 5.4.2 Co-housing approach 5.5 Performance prospects 5.5.1 The "passive house" standard 5.5.2 Energy-producing buildings 5.5.3 Passive retrofit 5.5.4 Towards a cyclic economy 5.6 Conclusions of chapter 5 Conclusions Bibliography, Subject Index
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