ECO-Design for Buildings and Neighbourhoods
By: Bruno Peuportier (author)Hardback
1 - 2 weeks availability
A growing number of urban inhabitants are aware of pressing environmental concerns. This book aims to provide information about relevant environmental quality criteria in urban construction settings, before methods are proposed for assessing these criteria. These will be extremely helpful to eco-building designs, commencing from the very early stages of a project (site selection, program, architectural designs) to the detailed design, construction and management of buildings. The book covers eco-technologies in the field of energy and water conservation, renewable energy, waste management and environmentally-friendly materials, but does not lose sight of comfort and health aspects.
Dr. Bruno Peuportier holds an engineering degree from the Ecole Centrale de Paris, and a PhD degree from Universite Paris VI. He is presently senior scientist at the Centre for Energy Efficiency of Systems of MINES Paristech, Paris. He has developed software tools for green design: COMFIE (thermal simulation) and EQUER (life cycle assessment). He has carried out several demonstration projects regarding the construction or renovation of public housing, office buildings and schools, and has coordinated several European projects in these fields.
Introduction 1 The environmental quality of buildings 1 Environmental impacts 1.1 Global scale 1.1.1 The greenhouse effect 1.1.2 Destruction of the ozone layer 1.1.3 Depletion of resources 1.1.4 Impacts on biodiversity 1.1.5 Proliferation of nuclear power 1.2 Regional scale 1.2.1 Effects linked to air pollution 188.8.131.52 Acidification 184.108.40.206 Smog and outside air pollution 1.2.2 Water abstraction and pollution 220.127.116.11 Water management 18.104.22.168 Dystrophication 22.214.171.124 Other impacts on aquatic environments 1.2.3 Waste and soil pollution 1.2.4 Radioactivity 1.2.5 Risks 1.3 Local scale 1.3.1 Noise 1.3.2 Degradation of ecosystems and landscapes 1.3.3 Land use 1.3.4 Microclimate perturbations 1.3.5 Odours 1.4 In the building itself 1.5 Summary of impacts 2 Environmental indicators 2.1 Potential, or mid-point indicators 2.1.1 Greenhouse effect 2.1.2 Destruction of the stratospheric ozone layer 2.1.3 Acidification 2.1.4 Eutrophication 2.1.5 Winter SMOG 2.1.6 Summer SMOG (photochemical ozone formation) 2.2 Critical volume indicators 2.2.1 Ecotoxicity 2.2.2 Odours 2.2.3 Human toxicity 2.2.4 Indicators of the AFNOR standard NF P01-010 2.3 Damage-oriented indicators 2.3.1 Impacts on health (years of life lost) 2.3.2 Impacts on ecosystems 2.4 Other indicators 2.5 Urban environmental indicators 2.5.1 Emission source indicators (pressures) 126.96.36.199 Energy flows 188.8.131.52 Transportation 184.108.40.206 The water cycle 220.127.116.11 Waste management 2.5.2 State indicators 18.104.22.168 Air quality 22.214.171.124 Contribution to the greenhouse effect 126.96.36.199 Noise 188.8.131.52 Land use and green space 184.108.40.206 Soil contamination from heavy metals 220.127.116.11 Water quality 2.6 Environmental indicators and sustainable development 2.7 Conclusions of chapter 2 3 Methodologies and professional tools 3.1 Life cycle assessment 3.1.1 Methodology used 3.1.2 Modeling buildings: An object-based approach 3.1.3 Data collection 3.1.4 Software development 3.1.5 Limitations of the methodology 3.1.6 Example of experimental application at the Ecologis exhibition 3.1.7 First sensitivity analyses: Relative contributions of different sources of impact 3.1.8 Normalization of an ecoprofile 3.1.9 Other life cycle assessment tools for buildings 3.1.10 Conclusions 3.2 Thermal simulation 3.2.1 Modeling principles 3.2.2 Main hypotheses and limits of the model 3.2.3 Resolution algorithm 3.2.4 Computer development 3.2.5 Validating calculations 3.2.6 Several applications of the software 3.2.7 User interface 3.3 Lighting calculations 3.3.1 Light 3.3.2 External illuminance 3.3.3 Modeling daylighting using the lumen method 3.3.4 Artificial lighting 3.4 Acoustic calculations 3.4.1 Simplified tools 3.4.2 Detailed tools 3.5 Evaluation of health impacts 3.6 Worksite waste management 3.7 General tools 3.8 Using tools 3.8.1 Programming 18.104.22.168 Retrofitting or (re)construction 22.214.171.124 Choice of site 126.96.36.199 Drawing up the architectural programme 3.8.2 Project management, architectural design and engineering 3.8.3 Managing a worksite 3.8.4 Managing housing stock 3.9 Conclusions and perspectives for tools 3.9.1 Inter-model linking 3.9.2 Adaptating models to project progress 3.9.3 From evaluation to design 3.9.4 Designing neighbourhoods 4 Building "eco-techniques" 4.1 Energy efficiency and renewable energy 4.1.1 Heating 4.1.2 Air conditioning 4.1.3 Air renewal 4.1.4 Lighting and electricity consumption 4.1.5 Domestic hot water 4.2 Water management and quality 4.3 Waste treatment 4.4 Building products 4.5 Comfort and health 4.5.1 Acoustic comfort 4.5.2 Visual comfort 4.5.3 Thermal comfort 4.5.4 Air quality and olfactory comfort 4.5.5 Other health aspects 4.6 Conclusions of chapter 4 5 Applications and constructions 5.1 Detached houses 5.1.1 Aurore housing estate (Ardennes) 188.8.131.52 System operations 184.108.40.206 Assistance provided on the project's design 220.127.116.11 Description of the experimental installation 18.104.22.168 Monitoring results 22.214.171.124 Conclusions of the experimental monitoring 126.96.36.199 Life cycle assessment 5.1.2 Experimental construction of Castanet Tolosan (Haute-Garonne) 5.1.3 Winner of the competition solar habitat, contemporary habitat (Rhone) 5.1.4 Passive houses in Formerie (Oise) 5.2 Apartment, tertiary buildings and retrofit 5.2.1 Tertiary building in Meze (Herault) 5.2.2 Retrofit of a social housing apartment block in Montreuil (Paris suburbs) 5.3 Eco-neighbourhoods 5.3.1 Ecolonia project (Netherlands) 188.8.131.52 Description of the programme 184.108.40.206 Energy-saving design 220.127.116.11 Managing over the life cycle 5.3.2 Vauban neighbourhood in Freiburg (Germany) 5.3.3 Lyon confluence neighbourhood 5.4 Management aspects 5.4.1 Managing building operations 5.4.2 Co-housing approach 5.5 Performance prospects 5.5.1 The "passive house" standard 5.5.2 Energy-producing buildings 5.5.3 Passive retrofit 5.5.4 Towards a cyclic economy 5.6 Conclusions of chapter 5 Conclusions Bibliography, Subject Index
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- ID: 9781138027954
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