Ecology and Conservation of Forest Birds is a unique review of current understanding of the relationships between forest birds and their changing environments. Large ecological changes are being driven by forest management, climate change, introduced pests and pathogens, abiotic disturbances, and overbrowsing. Many forest bird species have suffered population declines, with the situation being particularly severe for birds dependent on attributes such as dead wood, old trees and structurally complex forests. With a focus on the non-tropical parts of the Northern Hemisphere, the text addresses the fundamental evolutionary and ecological aspects of forest birds using original data analyses and synthesising reviews. The characteristics of bird assemblages and their habitats in different European forest types are explored, together with the macroecological patterns of bird diversity and conservation issues. The book provides a valuable reference for ecologists, ornithologists, conservation professionals, forest industry employees, and those interested in birds and nature.
1. Introduction Grzegorz Mikusinski, Jean-Michel Roberge and Robert J. Fuller; Part I. Forest Birds and their Adaptations: 2. Origins and dynamics of forest birds of the Northern Hemisphere Jacques Blondel; 3. Ecological adaptations of birds to forest environments Marc-Andre Villard and Ruud Foppen; 4. Tree holes and hole-nesting birds in European and North American forests Tomasz Wesolowski and Kathy Martin; Part II. European Forests and their Bird Communities: 5. Macroecological patterns in forest bird diversity in Europe Grzegorz Mikusinski, Dani Villero, Sergi Herrando and Lluis Brotons; 6. Boreal forest bird assemblages and their conservation Jean-Michel Roberge, Raimo Virkkala and Mikko Moenkkoenen; 7. Subalpine coniferous forests of Europe: Avian communities in European high altitude woodlands Pierre Mollet, Kurt Bollmann, Veronika Braunisch and Raphael Arlettaz; 8. Temperate forests: a European perspective on variation and dynamics in bird assemblages Tomasz Wesolowski, Robert J. Fuller and Martin Flade; 9. Mediterranean forest bird communities and the role of landscape heterogeneity in space and time Lluis Brotons, Sergi Herrando, Clelia Sirami, Vassiliki Kati and Mario Diaz; 10. Plantations of non-native tree species: opportunities and limitations for birds in intensively managed forests John Calladine, Mario Diaz, Luis Reino, David Jardine and Mark Wilson; Part III. Conservation and Management: 11. Population trends and conservation status of forest birds Aleksi Lehikoinen and Raimo Virkkala; 12. Hunting and other forms of exploitation and persecution of forest birds Ilse Storch; 13. Conservation strategies and habitat management for European forest birds Robert J. Fuller and Hugo Robles; 14. Future forests, avian implications and research priorities Grzegorz Mikusinski, Jean-Michel Roberge and Robert J. Fuller; Index.