Sitka spruce, the largest of the world's spruces, is an
important component of British Columbia's coastal forests. Its
ecology gives it a special place in the sustainable management of the
province's forests. However, in west coast forestry it is poorly
known in comparison with its main coniferous companions -- Douglas-fir,
western redcedar, and western hemlock. As an important international
forestry resource, it is crucial that Sitka spruce -- its ecology and
the ecosystems in which it occurs -- be clearly understood by those who
are involved with its management.
This book is the most recent major work on the ecology and
management of Sitka spruce. The authors describe how this fascinating
tree reproduces, grows, and functions in its natural geographic range.
They discuss both the ecology of Sitka spruce and silvicultural
questions such as original plantation spacing, juvenile spacing, and
fertilization to accelerate the harvestability of second-growth coastal
Sitka spruce derives its importance not only from its prominence as
an international transportable genetic resource but also from its role
in riparian systems and its biodiversity values. Here in North
America's west coast rainforest, this magnificent tree illustrates
the ecology of complex forest ecosystems and their cultural,
wilderness, historic, and economic values.
E.B. Peterson is a forest ecologist and president of Western Ecological Services Ltd. in Victoria, B.C. N.M. Peterson is vice president and research associate at Western Ecological Services Ltd. G.F. Weetman is a professor in the Forest Sciences Department at the University of British Columbia. P.J. Martin is a stand development specialist in the Silviculture Practices Branch, B.C. Ministry of Forests.
Acknowledgments 1. Introduction 2. Biology and Ecology of Naturally Occurring Sitka Spruce 3. Management of Sitka Spruce 4. Sitka Spruce in British Columbia's Future Appendices