Ecology of Lianas

Ecology of Lianas

By: Stefan Schnitzer (author), Frans Bongers (author), Robyn J. Burnham (author), Francis E. Putz (author)Hardback

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Lianas are woody vines that were the focus of intense study by early ecologists, such as Darwin, who devoted an entire book to the natural history of climbing plants. Over the past quarter century, there has been a resurgence in the study of lianas, and liana are again recognized as important components of many forests, particularly in the tropics. The increasing amount of research on lianas has resulted in a fundamentally deeper understanding of liana ecology, evolution, and life-history, as well as the myriad roles lianas play in forest dynamics and functioning. This book provides insight into the ecology and evolution of lianas, their anatomy, physiology, and natural history, their global abundance and distribution, and their wide-ranging effects on the myriad organisms that inhabit tropical and temperate forests.

About Author

Dr Stefan A. Schnitzer has studied tropical forest ecology in Borneo, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, and Panama. He is currently a Professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, and a Research Associate with the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in the Republic of Panama. Frans Bongers has studied lianas for 20 years, analysing liana communities, populations and autecology, as well as liana use and management, mostly in the context of forest dynamics. He is Professor of Tropical Forest Ecology at Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands. Robyn J. Burnham is Associate Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Michigan and a Research Associate at Smithsonian Institution, Field Museum, and Missouri Botanical Garden. She has a dedicated focus on the species of climbing plants that dominate the Amazon Basin, from Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and all the way across Brazil, to the mouth of the Amazon river. Francis E. Putz started his research on liana ecology and management in the 1970s in Southeast Asia, but has since spent an equal amount of time in Latin America researching vines and forest conservation. He is a Professor at the University of Florida and a Senior Research Associate with the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) in Indonesia.


Contributors, vii Foreword, xiii Preface, xv Acknowledgements, xvii PART I INTRODUCTION, 1 1 The past, present, and potential future of liana ecology, 3 STEFAN A. SCHNITZER, FRANCIS E. PUTZ, FRANS BONGERS, AND KRISTINA KROENING PART II PATTERNS OF LIANA DEMOGRAPHY AND DISTRIBUTION: FROM LOCAL TO GLOBAL, 11 2 Liana abundance and diversity in Cameroon s Korup National Park, 13 DUNCAN THOMAS, ROBYN J. BURNHAM, GEORGE CHUYONG, DAVID KENFACK, AND MOSES NSANYI SAINGE 3 Dynamics of lianas in DR Congo, 23 FRANS BONGERS AND CORNEILLE E.N. EWANGO 4 Liana composition and diversity among tropical forest types of peninsular India, 36 NARAYANASWAMY PARTHASARATHY, S. MUTHURAMKUMAR, CHELLAMMUTHUMPERUMAL, P. VIVEK, N. AYYAPPAN, AND M. SRIDHAR REDDY 5 Diversity and distribution of lianas in Yasuni, Ecuador, 50 ROBYN J. BURNHAM AND HUGO G. ROMERO-SALTOS 6 Liana assemblage structure in four sites across the Brazilian Amazon, 65 ANSELMO NOGUEIRA, FLAVIA R.C. COSTA, MARCIA C. VILELA-SANTOS, CAROLINA V. CASTILHO, ANA ANDRADE, JOSE LUIS C. CAMARGO, WILLIAM F. LAURANCE, AND ROBYN J. BURNHAM 7 The lianas of Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 76 STEFAN A. SCHNITZER, SCOTT A.MANGAN, AND STEPHEN P. HUBBELL 8 Diversity and distribution of lianas in Mexico, 91 GUILLERMO IBARRA-MANRIQUEZ, PABLO CARRILLO-REYES, FRANCISCO JAVIER RENDON-SANDOVAL, AND GUADALUPE CORNEJO-TENORIO 9 Climbing plant diversity in Australia: taxonomy, biogeography and functional traits, 104 RACHAEL V. GALLAGHER 10 Patterns of liana succession in tropical forests, 116 SUSAN G. LETCHER 11 Biogeographical patterns of liana abundance and diversity, 131 SAARA J. DEWALT, STEFAN A. SCHNITZER, LUCIANA F. ALVES, FRANS BONGERS, ROBYN J. BURNHAM, ZHIQUAN CAI,WALTER P. CARSON, JEROME CHAVE, GEORGE B. CHUYONG, FLAVIA R. C. COSTA, CORNEILLE E. N. EWANGO, RACHAEL V. GALLAGHER, JEFFREY J. GERWING, ESTEBAN GORTAIRE AMEZCUA, TERESE HART, GUILLERMO IBARRA-MANRIQUEZ, KALAN ICKES, DAVID KENFACK, SUSAN G. LETCHER, MANUEL J.MACIA, JEAN-REMYMAKANA, AGUSTINA MALIZIA, MIGUEL MARTINEZ-RAMOS, JOSEPH MASCARO, CHELLAMMUTHUMPERUMAL, S. MUTHURAMKUMAR, ANSELMO NOGUEIRA, MARC P. E. PARREN, NARAYANASWAMY PARTHASARATHY, DIEGO R. PEREZ-SALICRUP, FRANCIS E. PUTZ, HUGO G. ROMERO-SALTOS, M. SRIDHAR REDDY,MOSES NSANYI SAINGE, DUNCAN THOMAS, AND JULIANO VAN MELIS PART III LIANA TREE COMPETITION: COMMUNITY AND ECOSYSTEM LEVEL EFFECTS, 147 12 Above- and belowground competition between lianas and trees, 149 TARIN TOLEDO-ACEVES 13 Impacts of lianas on forest-level carbon storage and sequestration, 164 GEERTJEM.F. VAN DER HEIJDEN, OLIVER L. PHILLIPS, AND STEFAN A. SCHNITZER 14 Reciprocal interactions between lianas and forest soil, 175 JENNIFER S. POWERS 15 The role of lianas in temperate tree communities, 188 LAURAM. LADWIG AND SCOTT J.MEINERS PART IV LIANA EVOLUTION, 203 16 Climbing plants in the fossil record: Paleozoic to present, 205 ROBYN J. BURNHAM 17 The evolution of angiosperm lianescence: a perspective from xylem structure-function, 221 SANDRINE ISNARD AND TAYLOR S. FEILD 18 Evolutionary implications of the climbing habit in plants, 239 ERNESTO GIANOLI PART V LIANA ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY, AND BIOMECHANICS, 251 19 Liana anatomy: a broad perspective on structural evolution of the vascular system, 253 VERONICA ANGYALOSSY,MARCELO R. PACE, AND ANDRE C. LIMA 20 Physiological implications of the liana growth form, 288 LOUIS S. SANTIAGO, SARAH C. PASQUINI, AND MARK E. DE GUZMAN 21 Canopy chemistry expresses the life-history strategies of lianas and trees, 299 GREGORY P. ASNER AND ROBERTA E.MARTIN 22 Liana nutrient relations, 309 MARIAN KAZDA 23 Stem biomechanics, strength of attachment, and developmental plasticity of vines and lianas, 323 NICK P. ROWE AND THOMAS SPECK PART VI LIANA ANIMAL INTERACTIONS, 343 24 Effects of lianas on canopy arthropod community structure, 345 STEPHEN P. YANOVIAK 25 Liana bird relationships: a review, 362 NICOLE L.MICHEL,W. DOUGLAS ROBINSON, AND THOMAS W. SHERRY 26 Relationship between lianas and arboreal mammals: examining the Emmons Gentry hypothesis, 398 THOMAS D. LAMBERT, ANDMICHAELA K. HALSEY 27 Use of lianas by primates: more than a food source, 407 VICTOR ARROYO-RODRIGUEZ, NORBERTO ASENSIO, JACOB C. DUNN, JURGI CRISTOBAL-AZKARATE, AND ARTURO GONZALEZ-ZAMORA PART VII LIANAS AND FOREST MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION, 427 28 Lianas as invasive species in North America, 429 STACEY A. LEICHT-YOUNG AND NOEL B. PAVLOVIC 29 Ecological effects of lianas in fragmented forests, 443 MASON CAMPBELL, WILLIAM F. LAURANCE, AND AINHOA MAGRACH 30 Increasing liana abundance in neotropical forests: causes and consequences, 451 STEFAN A. SCHNITZER Index, 465

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781118392492
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 504
  • ID: 9781118392492
  • weight: 1192
  • ISBN10: 1118392493

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