Economic Ideas in Political Time: The Rise and Fall of Economic Orders from the Progressive Era to the Global Financial Crisis
By: Wesley W. Widmaier (author)Paperback
Over the past century, the rise and fall of economic policy orders has been shaped by a paradox, as intellectual and institutional stability have repeatedly caused market instability and crisis. To highlight such dynamics, this volume offers a theory of economic ideas in political time. The author counters paradigmatic and institutionalist views of ideas as enabling self-reinforcing path dependencies, offering an alternative social psychological argument that ideas which initially reduce uncertainty can subsequently fuel misplaced certainty and crises. Historically, the book then traces the development and decline of the progressive, Keynesian, and neoliberal orders, arguing that each order's principled foundations were gradually displaced by macroeconomic models that obscured new causes of the Great Depression, Great Stagflation, and Global Financial Crisis. Finally, in policy terms, Widmaier stresses the costs of intellectual autonomy, as efforts to 'prevent the last crisis' have repeatedly obscured new causes of crises.
Wesley W. Widmaier is a Senior Research Fellow at Griffith University, Queensland and has been awarded two grants by the Australian Research Council totalling more than $600,000. For over a decade, he has advanced parallel research agendas into the construction of wars and crises as mechanisms of change. His research has been published in such journals as International Studies Quarterly and the Review of International Political Economy, and his work in the security field has been published as Presidential Rhetoric from Wilson to Obama: Constructing Crises, Fast and Slow (2015). He was Program Chair (2014) and Section Chair (2015) of the International Political Economy Section of the International Studies Association.
Part I. Theoretical and Historical Foundations: 1. Economic ideas in political time: construction, conversion, and crisis; 2. The construction, conversion, and collapse of the progressive order; Part II. The Construction, Conversion, and Collapse of the Keynesian Order: 3. Constructing the Keynesian order: breaking finance and boosting labor; 4. Converting the Keynesian order: toward the neoclassical synthesis; 5. Constructing the Great Stagflation: from accommodation to transformation; Part III. The Construction, Conversion, and Collapse of the Neoliberal Order: 6. Constructing the neoliberal order: breaking labor and boosting finance; 7. Converting the neoliberal order: toward the New Keynesianism; 8. Constructing the Global Financial Crisis: from accommodation to iteration; Part IV. Conclusions: 9. Theoretical, historical and policy implications; Bibliography; Index.
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