The Effective Reader: Alternate Readings Edition combines high interest readings, solid skill instruction, and a wealth of guided practice to develop the quintessential abilities students need to become effective readers and critical thinkers.
Preface PART ONE Becoming an Effective Reader Chapter 1 A Reading System for Effective Readers Prior Knowledge The Reading Process Before Reading: Survey and Question Before Reading During Reading: Read and Recite After Reading: Review After Reading Textbook Skills: Asking Questions and Reciting Answers Before, During, and After Reading Applications Review Tests Mastery Tests Chapter 2 Vocabulary and Dictionary Skills Before Reading About Vocabulary Skills Words Are Building Blocks Context Clues: A SAGE Approach Synonyms Antonyms General Context Examples Textbook Skills: Using a Glossary Word Parts Roots Prefixes Suffixes Reading the Dictionary How to Read a Dictionary Entry Spelling and Syllables Parts of Speech Definitions Textbook Aids for Learning Content Words Textbook Definitions Textbook Skills: Visual Vocabulary Applications Review Tests After Reading About Vocabulary and Dictionary Skills Mastery Tests Chapter 3 Stated Main Ideas Before Reading About Stated Main Ideas The Traits of a Main Idea Identifying the Topic of a Paragraph Identifying a Topic Sentence The Flow of Ideas and Placement of Topic Sentences Topic Sentence at the Beginning of a Paragraph Topic Sentence Within a Paragraph Topic Sentence at the End of a Paragraph Topic Sentence at the Beginning and the End of a Paragraph The Central Idea and the Thesis Statement Textbook Skills: Topics, Main Ideas, and Central Ideas in Textbooks Applications Review Tests After Reading About Stated Main Ideas Mastery Tests Chapter 4 Implied Main Ideas and Implied Central Ideas Before Reading About Implied Main Ideas and Implied Central Ideas What Is an Implied Main Idea? Using Supporting Details and Thought Patterns to Find Implied Main Ideas Finding the Implied Main Ideas of Paragraphs Creating a Summary from the Supporting Details The Implied Central Idea Textbook Skills: Graphics as Details That Imply a Main Idea A Final Note about Experience and Perspective Applications Review Tests After Reading About Implied Main Ideas and Implied Central Ideas Mastery Tests Chapter 5 Supporting Details Before Reading About Supporting Details Questions for Locating Supporting Details Major and Minor Details Creating a Summary from Annotations Textbook Skills: Chapter-end Questions in a Textbook Applications Review Tests After Reading About Supporting Details Mastery Tests Chapter 6 Outlines and Concept Maps Before Reading About Outlines and Concept Maps Outlines Concept Maps Textbook Skills: The Table of Contents Applications Review Tests After Reading About Outlines and Concept Maps Mastery Tests Chapter 7 Transitions and Thought Patterns Before Reading About Transitions and Thought Patterns Transition Words: Relationships Within a Sentence Thought Patterns: Relationships Between Sentences The Time Order Pattern The Space Order Pattern The Listing Pattern The Classification Pattern Textbook Skills: Thought Patterns in Textbooks Applications Review Tests After Reading About Transitions and Thought Patterns Mastery Tests Chapter 8 More Thought Patterns Before Reading About More Thought Patterns The Comparison-and-Contrast Pattern Comparison Contrast Comparison and Contrast The Cause-and-Effect Pattern The Generalization-and-Example Pattern The Definition Pattern Textbook Skills: Thought Patterns and Textbooks Applications Review Tests After Reading About More Thought Patterns Mastery Tests Chapter 9 Fact and Opinion Before Reading About Fact and Opinion What Is the Difference Between Fact and Opinion? Ask Questions to Identify Facts Note Biased Words to Identify Opinions Note Qualifiers to Identify Opinions Think Carefully About Supposed "Facts" Read Critically: Evaluate Details as Fact or Opinion in Context Evaluate the Context of the Passage Evaluate the Context of the Author Evaluate the Context of the Source Textbook Skills: Fact and Opinion in Textbook Passages Applications Review Tests After Reading About Fact and Opinion Mastery Tests Chapter 10 Tone and Purpose Before Reading About Tone and Purpose What Are Tone and Purpose? Understand How Tone Is Established Identify Subjective and Objective Tone Words Discover the General Purpose in the Main Idea Figure Out the Primary Purpose Recognize Irony Used for Special Effects Textbook Skills: Author's Tone and Purpose Applications Review Tests After Reading About Tone and Purpose Mastery Tests Chapter 11 Inferences Before Reading About Inferences Inferences: Educated Guesses What Is a Valid Inference? Making VALID Inferences and Avoiding Invalid Conclusions Step 1: Verify and Value the Facts Step 2: Assess Prior Knowledge Step 3: Learn from the Text Step 4. Investigate for Bias Step 5: Detect Contradictions Inferences in Creative Expression Textbook Skills: Inferences and Visual Aids Applications Review Tests After Reading About Inferences Mastery Tests Chapter 12 The Basics of Argument Before Reading About the Basics of Argument What Is an Argument? Step 1. Identify the Author's Claim and Supports Step 2. Decide Whether the Supports Are Relevant Step 3. Decide Whether the Supports Are Adequate Step 4: Check the Argument for Bias Textbook Skills: The Logic of Argument Applications Review Tests After Reading About the Basics of Argument Mastery Tests Chapter 13 Advanced Argument: Persuasive Techniques Before Reading About Advanced Argument Biased Arguments What Is a Fallacy in Logical Thought? What Is Propaganda? Irrelevant Arguments: Fallacies Personal Attack Straw Man Begging the Question Irrelevant Arguments: Propaganda Techniques Name-Calling Testimonials Bandwagon Plain Folks Inadequate Arguments: Fallacies Either-Or False Comparison False Cause Inadequate Arguments: Propaganda Techniques Card Stacking Transfer Glittering Generalities Textbook Skills: Examining Biased Arguments Applications Review Tests After Reading About Advanced Argument Mastery Tests PART TWO Additional Readings Celebrity Culture 1. Where Did All the Accomplished People Go? Simon Doonan 2. Whitney Houston's Private Hell and Inevitable Death Allison Samuels Work 3. Degree of Uncertainty Carlo Rotella 4. Beginning of the End of the Unpaid Internship Josh Sanburn Medical Controversy: ADHD 5. Generation RX Casey Schwartz 6. A New Poll that Trivializes ADHD Is Nonsense Dr. Harold Koplewicz Technology 7. It's Not a Tumor! The Psychology behind Cyberchondria Britt Peterson 8. The Quantified Self Movement Grows, but What Do We Learn? Beth Teitell Environmental Challenges 9. Doing the Right Thing Isn't Easy, Even for Those Who Want to Patrick O'Driscoll and Elizabeth Weise 10. Getting Real about the High Price of Cheap Food Bryan Walsh PART THREE Combined-Skills Tests PART FOUR Reading Enrichment Appendix Reading Graphics in Textbooks Chapter Review Cards Text Credits Photo Credits Index