Under the growing shadow of the Cold War, President Eisenhower announced his 'Open Skies' initiative to Soviet, British and French delegations at the Geneva Summit in 1955. In a climate of intense fear and suspicion, this proposed system of mutual aerial inspection was dismissed by Khrushchev and the Soviet Union as nothing more than an 'espionage plot'. Nevertheless, Eisenhower campaigned for its implementation until the end of his presidency. Here, Helen Bury provides a new interpretation of Eisenhower's 'Open Skies' programme, arguing that it functioned as a corrective to John Foster Dulles' 'New Look' defence strategy - which relied on the threat of massive nuclear retaliation. A critic of the 'military-industrial' complex which was gaining power in American statecraft and which sought to expand military spending, Eisenhower aimed instead to safeguard the economic strength of America. Eisenhower and the Military-Industrial Complex is the first in-depth study of the Open Skies policy and essential reading for historians of the Cold War and the International Relations of the United States.
Helen Bury has just completed her PhD in Modern History under Gerard De Groot at the University of St. Andrews. She also has a Masters in International Relations from the University of Lancaster.
Acknowledgements Abbreviations Preface Introduction Chapter I In the Shadow of the Specialists on Violence: American Foreign Policy and the Rise of the Military-Industrial Complex, 1945 - 1953 Chapter II Eisenhower and the New Look Chapter III Eisenhower, Rockefeller and the Evolution of Open Skies Chapter IV The Aftermath of the Geneva Summit Chapter V The Challenge to Massive Retaliation Chapter VI Sputnik, Missiles and Open Skies Chapter VII Eisenhower's Final Struggle Conclusion Bibliography Index