Electrochemistry of Metal Complexes: Applications from Electroplating to Oxide Layer Formation

Electrochemistry of Metal Complexes: Applications from Electroplating to Oxide Layer Formation

By: Arvydas Survila (author)Hardback

Up to 2 WeeksUsually despatched within 2 weeks

£94.50 RRP £105.00  You save £10.50 (10%) With FREE Saver Delivery

Description

A systematic analysis of electrochemical processes involving metal complexes. Starting with general considerations on equilibria in solutions and at interfaces as well as on mass transport, the text acquaints readers with the theory and common experimental practice for studying electrochemical reactions of metals complexes. The core part of the book deals with all important aspects of electroplating, including a systematic discussion of co-deposition of metals and formation of alloys. It also discusses such related subjects as oxide layer formation and hydrogen evolution as a side reaction.

About Author

Arvydas Survila is head researcher at the Center for Physical Sciences and Technology in Vilnius, Lithuania. Having obtained his academic degrees from Moscow State University, he spent most of his career working as professor at Vilnius University and Vytautas Magnus University (Kaunas). Simultaneously, he was the Head of Department of Electrochemical Kinetics at the Institute of Chemistry (Vilnius). Professor Survila has authored about 300 scientific publications. He obtained the prestigious Lithuanian Scientific Award (physical sciences) and J. Matulis Award from Lithuanian Academy of Science. He is also member of the International Society of Electrochemistry and of the Advisory Board of the Russian Journal of Electrochemistry.

Contents

Preface IX Symbols and Abbreviations XIII 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Equilibrium Properties of Complex Systems 2 1.1.1 General Definitions 2 1.1.2 Equilibrium in the Solutions of Complex Compounds 3 1.1.3 Distribution of Complexes and Ligands in the Solution 6 References 12 2 Equilibrium Electrode Potentials 13 2.1 Electrodes of the First Kind 14 2.2 Equilibria Involving Ions of the Intermediate Oxidation State 18 2.3 Electrodes of the Second Kind 22 2.4 Open-Circuit Potentials: Examples of Experimental Investigations 25 2.4.1 System Cu/Cu(I),CN 25 2.4.2 System Cu/Cu(II), -Alanine 29 References 31 3 Mass Transport 33 3.1 Two Models of Linear Mass Transport 35 3.2 Other Cases of Diffusional Mass Transport 39 3.3 Mass Transport of Chemically Interacting Particles 41 3.4 Concentration Profiles 44 3.4.1 Concentration Profiles in Ideally Labile Systems 45 3.4.2 Concentration Profiles in Systems of Limited Lability 52 References 58 4 Peculiarities of Electrochemical Processes Involving Labile Complexes 61 4.1 Steady-State Voltammograms 62 4.2 Potential Transients 68 4.3 Current Transients 69 References 74 5 QuantitativeModeling of Quasi-Reversible Electrochemical Processes Involving Labile Complexes of Metals 75 5.1 Kinetic Equations 76 5.2 Employment of Voltammetric Data 80 5.2.1 Tafel Plots Normalized with Respect to the Surface Concentration of EAC 80 5.2.2 Analysis of LPS Current Maxima 83 5.3 Techniques Based on the Control of the Intensity of Forced Convection 85 5.3.1 Isosurface Concentration Voltammetry 85 5.3.2 Determination of the Exchange Current Density from Polarization Resistance 86 5.3.3 Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) under Forced Convection Conditions 89 References 93 6 Determination ofMechanism of Electrochemical Processes Involving Metal Complexes 97 6.1 Determination of the Mechanism by Reaction Orders 98 6.2 Method of Isopotential Solutions 100 References 102 7 Adsorption 105 7.1 Thermodynamic Aspects 106 7.2 Model Aspects 108 References 112 8 Electrochemical Processes in Real Systems 115 8.1 Experimental Details 115 8.2 Cyanide Systems 116 8.2.1 System Cu|Cu(I), CN 117 8.2.2 System Ag|Ag(I), CN 119 8.2.3 System Au|Au(I), CN 125 8.3 Ecological Systems Containing Hydroxy Acids 131 8.3.1 Electroreduction of Cu(II) Complexes 132 8.3.2 Electroreduction of Sn(II) Complexes 151 8.3.3 Electroreduction of Zn(II) Complexes 170 Appendix 174 References 174 9 Electrochemical Deposition of Alloys 183 9.1 Mass Transport during the Codeposition of Metals 184 9.2 Codeposition of Cobalt and Tin 185 9.3 Deposition of Brass Coatings 194 9.4 Deposition of Bronze Coatings 205 9.4.1 Surface Activity of Polyethers on Copper and Tin Substrates 206 9.4.2 Effect of Halides. Formation of Surface Complexes 211 9.4.3 Effect of Length of the Hydrocarbon Chain 214 9.4.4 Codeposition of Copper and Tin 217 9.4.5 Related Phenomena: Current Oscillations 223 9.5 Codeposition of Cobalt and Molybdenum 227 References 234 10 Spontaneous Formation of Photosensitive Cuprous Oxide Layers 241 10.1 Two Mechanisms of Cu2O Formation 242 10.2 Composition of Oxide Layers 243 10.3 Kinetics of Cu2O Formation 244 10.4 Electrochemical Reduction of Oxide Layers 246 10.5 Photoelectrochemical Properties of Oxide Layers 251 10.6 Photoelectrochemical Stability of Oxide Layers 255 10.7 Influence of Oxide Layers on Kinetics of Cu(II) Reduction 258 References 263 11 Hydrogen Evaluation Involving Ligands as Proton Donors 267 References 276 Concluding Remarks 277 Index 283

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9783527338771
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 304
  • ID: 9783527338771
  • weight: 802
  • ISBN10: 3527338772

Delivery Information

  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

Prices are for internet purchases only. Prices and availability in WHSmith Stores may vary significantly

Close