Elementary Statistics in Social Research: Essentials (Pearson New International Edition)

Elementary Statistics in Social Research: Essentials (Pearson New International Edition)

By: James Alan Fox (author), Jack Levin (author)Paperback

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Description

This text provides a streamlined and accessible introduction to statistics for students in sociology, criminal justice, political science, social work, and other social sciences. This edition of the text offers an essential and accessible overview to the introduction to social statistics. Clearly written with detailed step-by-step illustrations of statistical procedures, the text provides clear and logical explanations for the rationale and use of statistical methods of social research. Numerous end-of-chapter questions in every chapter reinforce key concepts to students.

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Contents

IN THIS SECTION 1.) BRIEF 2.) COMPREHENSIVE BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Why the Social Researcher Uses Statistics Part I Description Chapter 2 Organizing the Data Chapter 3 Measures of Central Tendency Chapter 4 Measures of Variability Part II From Description to Decision Making Chapter 5 Probability and the Normal Curve Chapter 6 Samples and Populations Part III Decision Making Chapter 7 Testing Differences Between Means Chapter 8 Analysis of Variance Chapter 9 Nonparametric Tests of Significance Part IV From Decision Making to Association Chapter 10 Correlation Chapter 11 Regression Analysis Chapter 12 Nonparametric Measures of Correlation COMPREHENSIVE TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Why the Social Researcher Uses Statistics The Nature of Social Research Why Test Hypotheses? The Stages of Social Research Using Series of Numbers to Do Social Research The Functions of Statistics Looking at the Larger Picture: A Student Survey Part I Description Chapter 2 Organizing the Data Frequency Distributions of Nominal Data Comparing Distributions Proportions and Percentages Simple Frequency Distributions of Ordinal and Interval Data Grouped Frequency Distributions of Interval Data Cumulative Distributions Dealing with Decimal Data Flexible Class Intervals Cross-Tabulations Graphic Presentations Chapter 3 Measures of Central Tendency The Mode The Median The Mean Taking One Step at a Time Step-by-Step Illustration: Mode, Median and Mean Comparing the Mode, Median, and Mean Chapter 4 Measures of Variability The Range The Variance and Standard Deviation Step-by-Step Illustration: Standard deviation The Raw-Score Formula for Variance and Standard Deviation Step-by-Step Illustration: Variance and Standard Deviation Using Raw Scores The Meaning of the Standard Deviation Comparing Measures of Variability Looking at the Larger Picture: Describing Data Part II From Description to Decision Making Chapter 5 Probability and the Normal Curve Probability Probability Distributions The Normal Curve as a Probability Distribution Characteristics of the Normal Curve The Model and the Reality of the Normal Curve The Area Under the Normal Curve Finding Probability Under the Normal Curve Step-by-Step Illustration: Probability under the Normal Curve Chapter 6 Samples and Populations Random Sampling Sampling Error Sampling Distribution of Means Standard Error of the Mean Confidence Intervals The t Distribution Step-by-Step Illustration: Confidence Interval Using t Estimating Proportions Step-by-Step Illustration: Confidence Intervals for Proportions Looking at the Larger Picture: Generalizing From Samples to Populations Part III Decision Making Chapter 7 Testing Differences Between Means The Null Hypothesis: No Difference Between Means The Research Hypothesis: A Difference Between Means Sampling Distribution of Differences Between Means Testing Hypotheses with the Distribution of Differences Between Means Levels of Significance Standard Error of the Difference Between Means Testing the Difference Between Means Step-by-Step Illustration: Test of Difference Between Means Comparing the Same Sample Measured Twice Step-by-Step Illustration: Test of Difference between Means for Same Sample Measured Twice Two Sample Tests of Proportions Step-by-Step Illustration: Test of Difference Between Proportions Requirements for Testing the Difference Between Means Chapter 8 Analysis of Variance. The Logic of Analysis of Variance The Sum of Squares Mean Square The F Ratio Step-by-Step Illustration: Analysis of Variance Requirements for Using the F Ratio Chapter 9 Nonparametric Tests of Significance The Chi-Square Test Step-by-Step Illustration: Chi-Square Test of Significanc Step-by-Step Illustration: Comparin Several groups The Median Test Step-by-Step Illustration: Median Test Looking at the Larger Picture: Testing Differences Part IV From Decision Making to Association Chapter 10 Correlation Strength of Correlation Direction of Correlation Curvilinear Correlation The Correlation Coefficient Pearson's Correlation Coefficient Step-by-Step Illustration: Pearson's Correlation Coefficient Chapter 11 Regression Analysis The Regression Model Interpreting the Regression Line Regression and Pearson's Correlation Step-by-Step Illustration: Step-by-Step Illustration: Regression Analysis Chapter 12 Nonparametric Measures of Correlation Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient Step-by-Step Illustration: Spearman's Rank-Order Correlation Coefficient Goodman's and Kruskal's Gamma Step-by-Step Illustration: Goodman's and Kruskal's Gamma Correlation Coefficient for Nominal Data Arranged in a 2 x 2 Table Correlation Coefficients for Nominal Data in Larger Than 2 x 2 Tables Looking at the Larger Picture: Measuring Association Appendix A. A Review of Some Fundamentals of Mathematics Appendix B. Tables Appendix C. List of Formulas Glossary Answers to Selected Problems Index

Product Details

  • publication date: 01/11/2013
  • ISBN13: 9781292027180
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 360
  • ID: 9781292027180
  • weight: 785
  • ISBN10: 1292027185
  • edition: Pearson New International Edition

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  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
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