Referrals, suspensions, and expulsions of African American students, especially males, are at an all-time high. However, as this book shows, culturally determined assumptions and friction over communication have a role to play in this as well. This book is designed to make readers aware of how cultural factors relate to the ways that discipline is meted out. Administrators and teachers will gain an understanding of how culturally conditioned beliefs and assumptions negatively influence student-teacher relationships. Ultimately this book proposes a set of strategies in order to solve the problem of high frequency of disciplinary referrals.
Martha R. Bireda received her Ed.S. and Ph.D. in counselor education from the University of Florida in Gainesville. As a diversity and equity consultant, Dr. Bireda spent over ten years researching and addressing the issue of racial disparity in discipline. Dr. Bireda is the author of four books that address issues related to culture and belief system change. She is a frequent speaker and conducts workshops for school administrators, which focus on how to eliminate racial disparity in discipline practices.
1 Discipline: The New Equity Issue 2 Merely a Symptom 3 The Impact of Culture 4 Cross-Cultural Communication Conflicts in the Classroom 5 Stereotyping in the Classroom 6 Cultural Conflicts, Cultural Conditioning, and Disciplinary Practices 7 Changing the School Climate: The Administrator's Role 8 Changing Individual Attitudes 9 The Village Approach: Forming Partnerships with Parents and Community 10 Evaluating the Process: School Climate and Individual Assessment