When Archbishop Makarios was toppled as President of Cyprus in a 1974 coup, and Turkish forces invaded the island, few saw Cyprus as part of the incipient drive to create a new Europe. Yet, as Pauline Green reveals here, behind the rhetoric of the politicians there is a growing view among Greek and Turkish Cypriots that the solution to Cyprus' problems lies within the gift of Europe. And yet the problems remain knotty - not least because of the highly sensitive and little-discussed role of the British military bases on the island, whose security and intelligence-gathering functions are so crucial to UK and US interests in the region. The author's analysis should interest those concerned not only with the future of Cyprus, Turkey and the Eastern Mediterranean, but also with the fate of the European Union itself.
Pauline Green was Leader of the Parliamentary Group of European Socialists in the European Parliament from 1994 to 1999. Ray Collins was a specialist in the Foreign & Political Affairs of the European Union. He is now an independent political analyst and European affairs consultant.
Foreword: Rt Hon. Robin Cook ix Preface xi Acknowledgements xv 1 A strategy developed: unity plus EU membership 1 2 Hand in hand with the UN: Europe's guarantees for peace 14 3 A new world scene: internationalizing the Cyprus conflict 27 4 The target for Cyprus: joining Europe, with or without a peace agreement 42 5 The British influence: more than a Mediterranean listening post 57 6 The London effect: the Cypriot communities act 64 7 The Greek dimension: after the 'earthquake dialogue' 80 8 The challenge for Turkey: European values or historic enmities 90 9 An ever closer union: what price a customs union with Turkey? 101 10 Decision-making so far: from Dublin 1990 to Nice 2000 via Luxembourg and Helsinki 114 11 Future perspectives: stability in the eastern Mediterranean 123 Postscript: so what are the prospects for Cyprus? 139 Index 143