Empires of the Sand: The Struggle for Mastery in the Middle East, 1789-1923

Empires of the Sand: The Struggle for Mastery in the Middle East, 1789-1923

By: Inari Karsh (author), Efraim Karsh (author)Paperback

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Empires of the Sand offers a bold and comprehensive reinterpretation of the struggle for mastery in the Middle East during the long nineteenth century (1789-1923). This book denies primacy to Western imperialism in the restructuring of the region and attributes equal responsibility to regional powers. Rejecting the view of modern Middle Eastern history as an offshoot of global power politics, the authors argue that the main impetus for the developments of this momentous period came from the local actors. Ottoman and Western imperial powers alike are implicated in a delicate balancing act of manipulation and intrigue in which they sought to exploit regional and world affairs to their greatest advantage. Backed by a wealth of archival sources, the authors refute the standard belief that Europe was responsible for the destruction of the Ottoman Empire and the region's political unity. Instead, they show how the Hashemites played a decisive role in shaping present Middle Eastern boundaries and in hastening the collapse of Ottoman rule. Similarly, local states and regimes had few qualms about seeking support and protection from the "infidel" powers they had vilified whenever their interests so required. Karsh and Karsh see a pattern of pragmatic cooperation and conflict between the Middle East and the West during the past two centuries, rather than a "clash of civilizations." Such a vision affords daringly new ways of viewing the Middle East's past as well as its volatile present.

About Author

Efraim Karsh is Professor and Director of the Mediterranean Studies Program at King's College, London. Inari Karsh is a scholar of Middle East history and politics.


Introduction Part One Imperial Sunset 1. Riding the Napoleonic Storms 2. The Greek Tinderbox 3. Muhammad Ali's Imperial Dream 4. Losing Egypt 5. Out of Europe 6. The Young Turks in Power Part Two Demise of the "Sick Man" 7. The Ottoman Road to War 8. The Entente's Road to War 9. The Lust for Glory 10. Genocide in Armenia 11. Repression in the Holy Land 12. Istanbul and the Arabs 13. The "Great Arab Revolt" 14. Hussein's Imperial Bid 15. Dividing the Bear's Skin Part Three: Unite and Rule 16. The Balfour Declaration 17. The Undoing of the Sykes-Picot Agreement 18. Losing Syria 19. A K ngdom for Faisal 20. And One for Abdullah 21. From Empire to Nation Epilogue Abbreviations Notes Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780674005419
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 426
  • ID: 9780674005419
  • weight: 494
  • ISBN10: 0674005414

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