Industries located in developing countries have made major improvements in environmental performance since the Rio Earth Summit of 1992. More specifically, their record in reducing energy-use and water-pollutant intensities has been better than developed countries. This significant new book investigates what motivates industries in developing countries to adopt environmentally sound technology (EST) - a subject about which very little is actually known. The authors present the findings of a United Nations study of the factors that determined EST adoption by 105 manufacturing plants in four different sectors within eight developing countries. They explore both factors internal to the plants as well as external factors including governments, markets and civil society.
Environment and Industry in Developing Countries will be of great interest to development assistance agencies supporting programmes for industrial environmental management in developing countries, and also to graduate school programmes in economic development, technology management, as well as in international business.
Ralph A. Luken, Former Economist, Environmental Protection Agency, US and Former Senior Environmental Adviser, United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Vienna, Austria and Frank Van Rompaey, United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Geneva, Switzerland
Contents: Foreword Preface 1. Introduction 2. Decoupling of Environmental Pressure from Industrial Growth, 1990-2002 3. Heuristic Model of EST Adoption 4. Brazil 5. China 6. India 7. Kenya 8. Thailand 9. Tunisia 10. Viet Nam 11. Zimbabwe 13. Eight-Country Assessment of Factors Influencing EST Adoption 14. Findings, Policy Implications and Programme Proposals Index