Environmental Accounting for Changes in Farm Land Use: A Canadian Case Study (Canadian Studies v. 32 Illustrated edition)

Environmental Accounting for Changes in Farm Land Use: A Canadian Case Study (Canadian Studies v. 32 Illustrated edition)

By: Edmund C. Merem (author)Hardback

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Description

This study examines the changing area of agricultural land through regional environmental accounting in the Ottawa South Central Region of Eastern Ontario Canada from 1981 to 1996. In the field of environmental accounting, increasing attention has been paid to the national approach, with less research at the regional level. A national approach may show a country to have a large quantity of natural resources, including agricultural land areas, at a given period of time, yet not explore the nature and extent of change in the same resources in small areas at the regional level. This study proposes a regional model based upon census data analysis to illustrate the process and level of change in agricultural land area, and the model is then applied at Six Census SubDivisions in the Ottawa region.The study found that over the 15-year period there were significant changes in the area of agricultural land, in the form of a decline in the entire study area as a result of socio-economic factors, and that this in turn enhances regional expertise for researchers, planners and resource managers in the design of strategies and monitoring tools for gauging the temporal-spatial evolution of natural resources, including areas of farmland.

About Author

Edmund C. Merem received his Ph.D. from Jackson State University where he is a member of the faculty.

Contents

PREFACE i; ACKNOWLEDGMENTS iii; INTRODUCTION 1; Purpose of the Research 5; Organization of the Book 8; CHAPTER 1 Literature Review on Environmental Accounting 11; Highlights of the Ideas and Themes in the Literature 12; Key Themes in the Literature Review 12; Regional Environmental Accounting Concepts 15; Environmental Accounting For Agricultural Land Use 20; Methods 24; Agricultural Structure 34; Summary 35; CHAPTER 2 Conceptual Perspectives and Regional Framework 37; - Definitions of Some Basic Concepts of Regional Environmental Accounting 39; Principles of Regional Environmental Accounting 41; Conceptual Framework 42; Existing Region-Based Frameworks 46; Elements of the Regional Conceptual Framework 49; - Environmental Accounting 52; - Changing Agricultural Land Value 53; - Methods/Census Data Analysis 54; Summary 58. CHAPTER 3 The Study Area: The Ottawa South Central Region 61; Regional Agricultural Profile of Ottawa South Central 61; Justifications For Selecting the Study Area 65; - Regional Considerations 66; - Inadequate Coverage of Ottawa South Central in Previous Studies 67; Changing Agricultural Land Value 68; Agricultural Structure Factors 71; - Economic Factors 72; - Environmental Factors 75; - Physical and Ecological Factors 76; Summary 83; CHAPTER 4 Research Design and Methodology 85; Identification of Census Data Sources, Variables, Scales, and Analysis 88; - Census Data Needs (Temporal-Spatial) 88; - Census Data Gathering 94; Analysis of Census Data 96; - Data Analysis at the Census Subdivision Level 96; - Data Analysis at the Enumeration Area Level 98; A Regional Model For the Analysis of Change 103; Survey Questionnaire Design For the Analysis of Change 106; - Data Needs For the Survey 106; Survey Data Analysis 112; Placing the Results in Temporal-Spatial Contexts and Interpretations 113; Summary 113; CHAPTER 5 Results of Descriptive Statistics 115; A Temporal Portrait of the Nature of Change 115; - Results of Descriptive Statistics on Changes in Area of Agricultural Land 118; - The Differences in the Areas of Agricultural Land 121; The Percentages of Change in Agricultural Land Area 122. Applying the Regional Model to the Census Data Analysis of Change 125; Summary 126; CHAPTER 6 The Results of Principal Components Analysis (PCA) 129; The Identification of the Main Dimensions with PCA 129; The Presentation of Results on the Five Components 130; Results of Spatial Analysis of the Factors with PCA 137; Summary 142; CHAPTER 7 Results of the Survey of Farmers 157; Data Needs For the Survey 157; Data Analysis and Techniques For the Survey 161; Results of Descriptive Statistics Analysis of the Survey 164; - Information Field 1: Agricultural Land Use 164; - Information Field 2: Environment/Policy 165; - Information Field 3: Economic Factors 166; - Information Field 4: Farm Enterprise 168; - Information Field 5: Demography/Urban 169; Summary 170; CHAPTER 8 Interpretation of Census and Survey Results 173; A Profound Decrease in the Area of Agricultural Land in Ottawa South Central and a Spreading of that Trend to the Spatial Areas 173; Declines Appeared More Evident in 1981-1996 and 1981-1986 181; Gains in the Area of Agricultural Land in Nepean and Others 186; Changes in the Area of Farmland Associated with Rise in Indicators of Environmental Degradation 193; An Awareness of Change Among Farmers of the Study Area 196; Gains in Some Areas Aided by the Activities of Farmers 197; Summary 200. CHAPTER 9 Contributions of the Research to Environmental Accounting System 203; Practical Contributions of the Research to a Regional Environmental Accounting System 203; - The Research Shows the Role of Regional Environmental Accounting as a Monitoring Tool 204; - The Enquiry Shows the Potentials of Environmental Accounting in Conservation 207; - The Project Reveals the Effectiveness of Green Accounting In Promoting Sustainability and Identification of Factors of Environmental Degradation 208; Academic Contribution of the Research to a Regional Environmental Accounting System 209; - The Research Provides an Opportunity For the Advancement of Environmental Accounting Within the Field of Planning 210; - The Study Offered the Use of An Appropriate Method (Model) For the Study of Environmental Accounting 211; Summary 212; CHAPTER 10 Discussions and Conclusions 215; The Concluding Remarks of the Research 215; Recommendations 223; Suggestions For Future Research Avenues 224; Closure 228; APPENDIX 233; BIBLIOGRAPHY 267; INDEX 289.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780773461390
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 310
  • ID: 9780773461390
  • ISBN10: 0773461396
  • edition: Illustrated edition

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