This book is concerned with functional nanomaterials, materials containing specific, predictable nanostructures whose chemical composition, or interfacial structure enables them to perform a specific job: to destroy, sequester, or detect some material that constitutes an environmental threat. Nanomaterials have a number of features that make them ideally suited for this job: they have a high surface area, high reactivity, easy dispersability, and rapid diffusion, to name a few. The purpose of this book is to showcase how these features can be tailored to address some of the environmental remediation and sensing/detection problems faced by mankind today. A number of leading researchers have contributed to this volume, painting a picture of diverse synthetic strategies, structures, materials, and methods. The intent of this book is to showcase the current state of environmental nanomaterials in such a way as to be useful both as a research resource and as a graduate level textbook. We have organized this book into sections on nanoparticle-based remediation strategies, nanostructured inorganic materials (e.g. layered materials like the apatites), nanostructured organic/inorganic hybrid materials, and the use of nanomaterials to enhance the performance of sensors.
Nanoparticle-Based Approaches: Nanoparticle Metal Oxides for Chlorocarbon and Organophosphonate Remediation (Koper & Klabunde); Nanoscale Zero-Valent Iron for Site Remediation (W-X Zhang et al.); Synthesis, Characterization and Properties of Zero Valent Iron Nanoparticles (D Baer et al.); Nanostructured Inorganic Materials: Formation of Nanosize Apatite Crystals in Sediment for Containment and Stabilization of Contaminants (B Moore et al.); Radioiodine and Tc-99 Getter Materials (S Mattigod); Nanoporous Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials : Nature's Nanoparticles: Group 4 Phosphonates (A Clearfield); Synthesis of Nanostructured Hybrid Sorbent Materials using Organosilane Self-Assembly on Mesoporous Ceramic Oxides (G Fryxell); Chemically-Modified Mesoporous Silicas and Organosilicas for Adsorption and Detection of Heavy Metal Ions (Oksana & M Jaroniec); Hierarchically Imprinted Adsorbents (S Dai et al.); Functionalization of Periodic Mesoporous Silica and Its Application to the Adsorption of Toxic Anions (H Yoshitake); Deployment of Thiol SAMMS on Actual Waste Streams (S Mattigod); Amine Functionalized Nanoporous Materials for Carbon Dioxide Capture (F Zheng et al.); Nanomaterials that Enhance Sensing/Detection of Environmental Contaminants: Nanostructured ZnO Gas Sensors (Cao et al.); Synthesis and Properties of Mesoporous-Based Materials for Environmental Applications (G-L Shi et al.); Electrochemical Sensors Based on Nanomaterials for Environmental Monitoring (Yantasee & Lin); Nanomaterial-Based Environmental Sensors (Dosev et al.); and other papers.