Environmental Biotechnology: A Biosystems Approach, Second Edition presents valuable information on how biotechnology has acted as a vital buffer among people, pollution, and the environment. It answers the most important questions on the topic, including how, and why, a knowledge and understanding of the physical, chemical, and biological principles of the environment must be achieved in order to develop biotechnology applications.
Most texts address either the applications or the implications of biotechnology. This book addresses both. The applications include biological treatment and other environmental engineering processes. The risks posed by biotechnologies are evaluated from both evidence-based and precautionary perspectives. Using a systems biology approach, the book provides a context for researchers and practitioners in environmental science that complements guidebooks on the necessary specifications and criteria for a wide range of environmental designs and applications. Users will find crucial information on the topics scientific researchers must evaluate in order to develop further technologies.
Dr. Daniel A. Vallero is an internationally recognized expert in environmental science and engineering. His four decades of research, teaching and professional experience in hazardous waste engineering and management have addressed a wide range of human health risk and ecological issues, from global climate change to the release of hazardous wastes. His research has advanced the state-of-the-science of air and water pollution measurement, models of potential exposures to chemicals in consumer products, and environmental impact assessments. He established the Engineering Ethics program and is a key collaborator in the Responsible Conduct of Research Program at Duke University. These programs introduce students, from first-year through PhD, to the complex relationships between science, technology and societal demands on the engineer. The lessons learned from the cases in this book are a fundamental part of Duke's preparation of its future engineers to address the ethical dilemmas likely to be encountered during the careers of the next generation engineers. Dr. Vallero received a bachelor's degree from Southern Illinois University, a Master of Science in City & Regional Planning from SIU, a Masters in Civil & Environmental Engineering (Environmental Health Sciences) from the University of Kansas, and a PhD in Civil & Environmental Engineering from Duke.
Preface Chapter 1 Environmental biotechnology: An overview Chapter 2 A question of balance: Using versus abusing biological systems Chapter 3 Environmental biochemodynamic processes Chapter 4 Systems Chapter 5 Environmental risks of biotechnologies Chapter 6 Reducing biotechnological risks Chapter 7 Applied ecology Chapter 8 Biotechnological implications: A systems approach Chapter 9 Environmental risks of biotechnologies: Economic sector perspectives Chapter 10 Addressing biotechnological pollutants Chapter 11 Nanobiotechology and emerging sciences Chapter 12 Mechanisms and outcomes Chapter 13 Analyzing the environmental implications of emerging technologies Chapter 14 Responsible management of biotechnologies Appendix 1 Background information on environmental impact statements Appendix 2 Cancer potency factors Appendix 3 Verification method for rapid polymerase chain reaction systems to detect biological agents Appendix 4 Summary of persistent and toxic organic compounds in North America, identified by the United Nations as highest priorities for regional actions Appendix 5 Sample retrieval from ECOTOX database for Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) exposed to DDT and its metabolites in freshwater Glossary Index