Environmental Communication and the Public Sphere (5th Revised edition)

Environmental Communication and the Public Sphere (5th Revised edition)

By: Robert Cox (author), Phaedra C. Pezzullo (author)Paperback

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Description

The Fifth Edition of the award-winning Environmental Communication and the Public Sphere is the first comprehensive introduction to the growing field of environmental communication. This groundbreaking book focuses on the role that human communication plays in influencing the ways we perceive the environment. It also examines how we define what constitutes an environmental problem and how we decide what actions to take concerning the natural world. The updated and revised Fifth Edition includes recent developments, such as water protectors and the Dakota Access Pipeline, the Flint Water Crisis, and the March for Science, along with the latest research and developments in environmental communication.

About Author

Phaedra C. Pezzullo (Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill) is an associate professor at the University of Colorado Boulder, USA. Her interdisciplinary training in environmental sciences and humanities informs her principle areas of publication, including environmental justice, climate justice, public advocacy, and tourist studies. She authored Toxic Tourism: Rhetorics of Travel, Pollution, and Environmental Justice (2007), which won four book awards, including the Christine L. Oravec Research Award in Environmental Communication. Pezzullo coedited Environmental Justice and Environmentalism: The Social Justice Challenge to the Environmental Movement (2007) and edited Cultural Studies and the Environment, Revisited (2010). She is committed to public engagement, including but not limited to serving on the national Sierra Club's Environmental Justice Committee, on the City of Bloomington's Environmental Commission, on the Executive Committee of the Just Transition Collaborative, as Director of BoulderTalks (www.colorado.edu/bouldertalks), and on the International Environmental Communication Association's Climate Negotiations Working Group at COP21 in Paris. She enjoys weekly hikes with her partner and child, as well as cooking a plant-based diet. For more, see her website: www.phaedracpezzullo.com. Robert Cox (PhD, University of Pittsburgh) is Professor Emeritus of Communication Studies and the Curriculum for the Environment and Ecology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His principal research areas are environmental and climate change communication, and strategic studies of social movements. One of the nation's leading scholars in environmental communication, Cox is editor of Environmental Communication, a 4-volume reference collection (SAGE, 2016), coeditor of The Routledge Handbook of Environment and Communication (2015), and author of numerous studies of environmental, climate and other social change campaigns. He served three times as President of the Sierra Club, the largest grassroots U.S. environmental organization, as well as serving on the board of directors for Earth Echo International. Cox has campaigned on environmental concerns with former Vice President Al Gore, singer Melissa Etheridge, and other public figures; he continues to advise environmental groups on their communication programs, and regularly participates in environmental and climate change initiatives such as the Peoples Climate March. He has enjoyed hiking in the Himalayas and the southern Appalachian Mountains in the U.S.

Contents

Part 1: COMMUNICATING FOR/ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENT Chapter 1: Defining Environmental Communication What is "Environmental Communication"? Ways of Studying Environmental Communication The Ethics of Crisis and Care Communication, the Environment, and the Public Sphere Communication as Symbolic Action: Wolves Why Communication Matters to "The Environment" Public Spheres as Democratic Spaces Diverse Environmental Voices in the Public Sphere Citizens and Civil Society Nongovernmental Organizations Politicians and Public Officials Businesses Scientists and Scholars Journalists Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions Chapter 2: Contested Meanings: A Brief History Learning to Love Nature Wilderness Preservation Versus Natural Resource Conservation John Muir and the Wilderness Preservation Movement Gifford Pinchot and the Conservation of Natural Resources Cultivating an Ecological Consciousness Public Health and the Ecology Movement Rachel Carson and the Public Health Movement Earth Day and Legislative Landmarks Environmental Justice: Linking Social Justice and Environmental Quality Redefining the Meaning of "Environment" Defining Sacrifice Zones and Environmental Justice Movements for Sustainability and Climate Justice Introducing Sustainability Moving Toward Climate Justice and a Just Transition Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions Part II: Constructions of the Environment Chapter 3: Symbolic Constructions of the Environment A Rhetorical Perspective Terministic Screens and Naming Constructing an Environmental Problem: The "Rhetorical Situation" Tropes and Genres Dominant and Critical Discourses Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions Chapter 4: The Environment in/of Visual and Popular Culture The Environment and Popular Culture Encoding/Decoding Environmental Media Media's Lifecycle Looking at the Environment Visual Rhetoric and Nature Seeing the American West Picturing the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Moving Images of Disasters Witnessing Ecological Crises Polar Bears as Condensation Symbols Pollution in Real Time Green Art, Marketing, and Graphic Design Environmental Art Viral Marketing Failed Persuasion Green Graphic Design Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions Chapter 5: Environmental Journalism Growth and Changes in Environmental News Emergence and Cycles in Environmental News A Perfect Storm: Decline of Traditional News Media and Rise of Digital News Breaking News and Environmental Journalism Newsworthiness Media Frames Norms of Objectivity and Balance Political Economy of News Media Gatekeeping and Newsroom Routines Media Effects and Influences Agenda Setting Narrative Framing Cultivation Analysis Media Engagement Continuum Digital Technologies and the Transformation of Environmental News Digitizing Environmental Journalism Social Media and Citizen Environmental Journalism Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions Part III: Communicating in an Age of Ecological Crises Chapter 6: Scientists, Technology, and Environmental Controversies Scientific Argumentation Symbolic Legitimacy and the "Eclipse" of the Public Fracking and the Environmental Sciences The Precautionary Principle Uncertainty and Risk The Precautionary Principle Early Warners: Environmental Scientists and the Public Dilemmas of Neutrality and Scientists' Credibility Environmental Scientists as Early Warners Science and the Trope of Uncertainty A Trope of Uncertainty Challenging the Environmental Sciences Communicating Climate Science Climate Scientists Go Digital Media and Popular Culture Inventing New Climate Change Messages Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions CHAPTER 7: HUMAN HEALTH AND ECOLOGICAL RISK COMMUNICATION Dangerous Environments: Assessment in a Risk Society Risk Assessment Technical Risk Assessment A Cultural Theory of Risk Assessment Communicating Environmental Risks in the Public Sphere A Technical Model of Risk Communication A Cultural Model of Risk Communication Citizens Becoming Scientists Mainstream News Media and Environmental Risk News Media Reports of Risk: Accurate Information or Sensational Stories? Whose Voices Speak of Risk? Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions CHAPTER 8: SUSTAINABILITY AND THE "GREENING" OF CORPORATIONS AND CAMPUSES Sustainability: An Interdisciplinary Approach Economic Discourse and the Environment Corporate Sustainability Communication: Reflection or Deflection? Green Product Advertising Green Image Enhancement Green Corporate Image Repairs Greenwashing and the Discourse of Green Consumerism Corporate Greenwashing Discourse of Green Consumerism Communicating Sustainability on and Through Campuses Communicating Sustainability Curricula Communication Through Infrastructure Communication Education at Tourist Sites Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions Part IV: Environmental Campaigns and Movements CHAPTER 9: ADVOCACY CAMPAIGNS AND MESSAGE CONSTRUCTION Environmental Advocacy Campaigns Differ From Critical Rhetoric Environmental Advocacy Campaigns Campaigns' Objectives Identifying Key Decision Makers Developing a Strategy to Influence Decision Makers The Campaign to Protect Zuni Salt Lake Zuni Salt Lake and a Coal Mine A Coalition's Campaign Success for Zuni Salt Lake Message Construction The Attitude-Behavior Gap and the Importance of Values Message Construction: Values and Framing Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions CHAPTER 10: DIGITAL MEDIA AND ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVISM Grassroots Activism and Digital Media Alert, Amplify, and Engage Affordances of Digital Communication Technologies Environmental NGOs and Digital Campaigns "Sustainable Self-Representation" Action Alerts: Environmental NGOs' Digital Mobilizing Online/Offline and "Public Will" Campaigns Multimodality and Networked Campaigns Environmental Activism and Multimodal Networks NGOs' Sponsored Networks Network of Networks: Global Environmental Activism Scaling Up: The People's Climate March and the March for Science Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions CHAPTER 11: ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE AND CLIMATE JUSTICE MOVEMENTS Environmental Justice: Challenges, Critiques, and Change The Beginnings of a "New" Movement We Speak for Ourselves: Naming "Environmental Racism" Building the Movement for Environmental Justice Institutionalization of Environmental Justice Honoring Frontline Knowledge and Traveling on Toxic Tours The Politics of Voice The Politics of Place The Global Movement for Climate Justice Climate Justice: A Frame to Connect the World Mobilizing for Climate Justice Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions Part V: Environmental Laws and Engagement Chapter 12: Public Participation in Environmental Decisions Right to Know: Access to Information Freedom of Information Act Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act Right to Comment National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Public Hearings and Citizen Comments SLAPP: Strategic Litigation Against Public Participation Sued for Speaking Out Response to SLAPPs Growth of Public Participation Internationally Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions Chapter 13: Environmental Conflict Management and Collaboration Addressing Environmental Disputes Criticism of Public Hearings Beyond Public Hearings Collaborating to Resolve Environmental Conflicts Principles of Successful Collaboration From Conflict to Collaboration in the Great Bear Rainforest Limits of Collaboration and Consensus Evaluating Collaboration: The "Progress Triangle" The Quincy Library Group: Conflict in the Sierra Nevada Mountains Common Criticisms of Collaboration Summary Suggested Resources Key Terms Discussion Questions Chapter 14: Legal Arguments for the Standing of Citizens and Nature Right of Standing and Citizen Suits Standing in a Court of Law Citizen Suits and the Environment Landmark Cases on Environmental Standing Sierra Club v. Morton (1972) Lujan v. Defenders of Wildlife (1992) Friends of the Earth, Inc. V. Laidlaw Environmental Services, Inc. (2000) Global Warming and the Right of Standing Who Should Have a Right of Standing? Who can Speak-and What is Speech? The Standing of Future Generations Nonhuman Nature: Should Trees, Dolphins, and Rivers Have Standing? Summary Suggested Resources Discussion Questions Glossary References Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781506363592
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 448
  • ID: 9781506363592
  • weight: 310
  • ISBN10: 1506363598
  • edition: 5th Revised edition

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