Environmental Ethics is a systematic account of values carried by the natural world, coupled with an inquiry into duties toward animals, plants, species, and ecosystems. A comprehensive philosophy of nature is illustrated by and integrated with numerous actual examples of ethical decisions made in encounters with fauna and flora, endangered species, and threatened ecosystems. The ethics developed is informed throughout by ecological science and evolutionary biology, with attention to the logic of moving from what is in nature to what ought to be.
The ethical theory is applied in detail to social, public, and business policy. Written in an engaging style, using diagrams and figures as well as numerous case studies, Environmental Ethics prods the reader into concrete application and invites reader participation in the ethical discussions. The ethics concludes by exploring the historical experiences of personal residence in a surrounding environment. Here is an adventure into what it means to live as responsible human beings in the community of life on Earth.
Preface 1. Humans Valuing the Natural Environment Values Carried by Nature * Value Ownership * Following Nature 2. Higher Animals: Duties to Sentient Life Natural Rights, Goods, Interests * Human Dominion over Animals * Domestic and Hunted Animals 3. Organisms: Duties to Organic Life Objective Value in Organisms * Objective Life versus Subjective Life * Human Interests and Organismic Values 4. Life in Jeopardy: Duties to Endangered Species Duties to Persons Concerning Species * Specific Forms of Life * Duties to Species * Individuals and Species * Species and Ecosystem * An Endangered Ethic? 5. Life in Community: Duties to Ecosystems Cooperation and Struggle * Centered and Loose Organization * Succession and Natural History * Individuals in Communities * Intrinsic, Instrumental, and Systemic Values * Subjective Experience and Evolutionary Ecosystems 6. The Concept of Natural Value: A Theory for Environmental Ethics Valuing Projective Nature * Valuing in Ecosystems * Valuing Aesthetic Nature 7. Environmental Policy: An Ethic of the Commons Collective Choice in an Environmental Ethic * A Value Analysis for Environmental Policy * Environmental Principles and Strategies 8. Environmental Business: An Ethic for Commerce Business and a Humanist Environmental Ethic * Business and a Naturalistic Environmental Ethic * Ethical Complexities in Business and Environmental Concerns * Business and Nature 9. Down to Earth: Persons in Natural History Humans Resident in Nature and Culture * Humans as Moral Overseers on Earth * Storied Residence on Earth Notes Selected Bibliography Index