Environmental Geology: An Earth Systems Approach (2nd ed. 2014)

Environmental Geology: An Earth Systems Approach (2nd ed. 2014)

By: Andrew deWet (author), Kirsten Menking (author), Dorothy Merritts (author)Paperback

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Description

Emphasising the interconnected nature of environmental geology and the multidimensional processes of the Earth, this highly anticipated new edition of Merritt's classic text provides a balanced approach to environmental issues and builds an informed student understanding with case studies, conceptual explanations, and relevant presentation of material. By far the most concise book for its course, it remains the only textbook to use an earth systems approach to exploring how the Earth works, the human impact on the environment, and the characteristics of different natural hazards.

About Author

Dorothy Merritts is a professor in the Department of Earth and Environment at Franklin Marshall College in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA. In the western United States, she conducted research on the San Andreas Fault of coastal California, and her international work focuses on fault movements in South Korea, Indonesia, Australia, and Costa Rica. She is an author or co-author on more than 70 scientific articles, and the editor and contributing writer for numerous scientific books and field guides. Kirsten Menking is an environmental Earth scientist in the Department of Earth Science and Geography at Vassar College, USA. Her current research involves quantifying the amount of road salt entering the groundwater system, a topic of concern both for people dependent on well water and for aquatic ecosystems. Andrew de Wet is a classically trained geologist specializing in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and remote sensing, and their application to environmental problems on Earth and geological processes on Mars. He teaches environmental geology, GIS and Natural Resources, and an interdisciplinary course on comparative planetology with a focus on Mars. He has published articles on geological pedagogy in the Journal of Geological Education and on shared faculty positions in the Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering and Geotimes. He is a member of the Geological Society of America and the American Geophysical Union. He is involved in a long-standing collaboration with researchers at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center and publishes on environmental issues and planetary geology.

Contents

Part I Introduction.- 1. Dynamic Earth Systems.- Earth System Science .- The Concept of Systems .- Earth's Environmental Systems.- Earth's Energy Systems.- Population, Resources, Pollution, Hazards, and Planetary Boundaries.- Part II: Solid Earth Systems and Geologic Time.- 2. Plate Tectonics: Solid Earth in Motion.- An Early Conundrum and the Scientific Method.- Plate Properties and Motions.- Piecing the Theory Together.- The Driver of Plate Tectonics.- 3. Earthquakes: Their Causes, Hazards, and Risks .- The Build-up and Release of Seismic Energy.- Assessing Earthquake Hazards.- Minimizing the Risks from Earthquakes.- 4. Earth Materials: Elements, Minerals, and Rocks.- Minerals: Building blocks of the lithosphere.- Rocks and the Rock Cycle.- Rock and Mineral Resources.- 5. Volcanoes Volcanic Eruptions.- Volcanic Hazards.- Minimizing the Risks from Volcanic Eruptions.- 6. Geologic TimeScales of Time and Earth System Cycles.- Measuring Time: Relative and Absolute Age Dating.- Fossils, Evolution, and Relative Geologic Time.- Global Change over Different Scales of Time.- Part III Earth's Surface Systems.- 7. The Biosphere.- Biosphere Structure and Functioning.- Ecosystem Services.- Water Purification.- Human Impacts on the Biosphere.- 8. Soil and Weathering Systems.- The Pedosphere: A Geomembrane to Other Earth Systems.- Biological Processes and their Role in Weathering.- Pedosphere Resources: Soils, Clays, and Mineral Ores.- Soil Erosion Hazards, Land Degradation, and Soil Conservation.- Soil Erosion: A Quiet Crisis .- Mass Movement Hazards and Their Mitigation.- Part IV Fluid Earth Systems.- 9. Earth.- The Hydrologic Cycle.- Drainage Basins and Streams.- Floods .- Altered Streams.- Wetlands.- Managing and Restoring Streams and Wetlands.- Water Resources and Protection.- Droughts.- <10. The Groundwater System.- Water in the Ground.- Groundwater As a Resource.- Groundwater Hazards.- Groundwater Pollution and Its Cleanup.- 11. The Atmospheric System.- The Atmosphere: An Envelope of Gases.- Atmospheric Circulation and Climate.- Storms.- Severe Weather.- Tropical Storms and Hurricanes.- Human Influence on Atmospheric Chemistry.- Air Pollution and Environmental Management.- 12. The Ocean and Coastal System.- The Ocean Basins.- Coastlines.- Sea Level Changes.- Seawater Chemistry.- Ocean Structure and Circulation.- Circulation in the Surface Mixed Layer.- Circulation in the Deep Ocean.- Coastal Processes and Hazards of Living by the Sea.- Coastal Erosion and Attempts to Control It.- Controlling Cliff Erosion.- Human Impacts on the Seas.- Waste Disposal and Polluted Runoff Along Continental Shelves.- Part V Energy, Changing Earth, and Human-Earth Interactions.- 13. Energy.- Energy and Humans.- Earth's Energy System.- Petroleum: Crude Oil and Natural Gas.- Renewable Energy: Solar, Wind, And Hydroelectric.- The "New Energy Era": Green Buildings and the Road Taken.- 14. Understanding Climatic and Environmental Change .- Climate on Terrestrial Planets.- Causes of Climatic Change.- Influence of Plate Tectonics on Climate.- Indicators of Environmental Change .- Global Climate Models.- 15. Humans and the Whole Earth System: Living in the Anthropocene.- Planetary Boundaries.- Anthropogenic Climate Change.- Impacts of Rising Greenhouse Gas Concentrations.- Sea Level Rise.- Coming to Grips with the Anthropocene.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781429237437
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 500
  • ID: 9781429237437
  • ISBN10: 1429237430
  • edition: 2nd ed. 2014

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