This study of environmentla impact assessment includes four Sections. Section 1 discusses the current state of implementation of the directives on environmental impact assessment and environmental hazards. It also includes a paper on the Dutch integral environmental zoning project. Section 2 deals with EIA approaches and techniques. First, the phases of an EIA study and the risk analysis methods are described. Then, Danish experiences in EIA,, environmental planning in the Ruhr area and pollution abatement in oil refineries and inorganic chemical industries are illustrated. Finally, a decision support system for EIA is presented. Section 3 is devoted to environmental indicators and indices. A first paper investigates the fundamental problems related to the notions of environmental indicator and measurement scale. The assessment of air, surface water, ground water and soil quality indicators and indices is then discussed in detail. The last two papers of this section deal with ecotoxicological risk indicators for environmental chemicals and industrial plant risk indicators, respectively. Finally, Section 4 discusses the economical and sociological dimensions of EIA.
The book should be of value to scientists and technicians involved in environmental impact, environmental compatibility and environmental audit studies.
Part 1 Legislation: the EEC Directive on EIA and its implementation in the EC Member States; the EEC Directives on environmental hazards; the Dutch integral environmental zoning project. Part 2 EIA approaches and techniques: contents and phases of an EIA study; risk analysis in environmental impact studies; environmental impact assessment and risk analysis in Denmark; EIA in Germany with a special focus on environmental planning in the Ruhr area; pollution abatement on oil refineries and inorganic chemical industries; SILVIA - a decision support system for environmental impact assessment. Part 3 Environmental indicators and indices: environmental indicators and measurement scales; air quality assessment in environmental impact studies; surface water quality indicators; soil and ground water quality indicators; ecotoxicological riks indicators for environmental chemicals; industrial plant risk indicators. Part 4 Economic and sociological dimensions of EIA: sustainability, efficiency and equity - project appraisal in economic development strategies; sociological aspects of environmental impact assessment.