The book examines the integration of environmental protection requirements into EU external relations focusing on unilateral, bilateral and inter-regional instruments, which have been less explored than the multilateral dimension of EU environmental policy. The book also explores for the first time the complex interplay and mutual influences between EU environmental integration initiatives and environmental multilateralism. On the one hand it identifies the legal and other instruments used by the EU to support the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements in third countries (particularly developing ones). On the other hand, it singles out the legal and other tools employed by the EU as a means to build partnerships with third countries in order to influence ongoing multilateral negotiations concerning the environment and sustainable development, or to contribute to the development of new international environmental norms in the absence of such multilateral negotiations. Ultimately, the book traces the significant evolution of the various tools deployed by the EU to integrate environmental concerns in its external relations, with a view to identifying emerging challenges and future directions.
Gracia Marin Duran is Lecturer in International Economic Law, University of Edinburgh School of Law. Elisa Morgera is Lecturer in European Environmental Law, University of Edinburgh School of Law.
1. The EU Legal and Policy Framework 1. Introduction 2. The EU as an International Actor in the Environmental Field 3. EU External Competence on Environmental Matters 4. The Environmental Integration Requirement 5. Environmental Integration in EU External Relations 6. Conclusions 2. Environmental Integration in Bilateral/Inter-regional Agreements 1. Introduction 2. Types of Agreements 3. Environmental Integration in Association as Prelude to EU Membership 4. Environmental Integration in Association as Substitute to EU Membership 5. Environmental Integration in Association as a Development Tool 6. Association as an Instrument of Inter-regional Cooperation 7. Other Agreements 8. Assessment and Conclusions 3. Environmental Integration in the Generalised System of Preferences 1. Introduction 2. Origins and History of the EU GSP 3. Environmental Integration in the Old EU GSP (2001-05) 4. Environmental Integration in the Current GSP (2005-11) 5. Assessment and Conclusions 4. Environmental Integration in External Assistance 1. Introduction 2. EU External Assistance: Instruments and Actors 3. Environmental Integration through Thematic Instruments 4. Environmental Integration through Geographic Instruments 5. Conclusions and Future Prospects 5. Environmental Integration in Institutionalised Dialogues 1. Introduction 2. Types and Objectives of Institutionalised Dialogues 3. An Overview of Practice 4. Thematic Dialogues: The Case of the Global Climate Change Alliance 5. Assessment and Conclusions 6. Environmental Integration through Sustainability Impact Assessments 1. Introduction 2. An Introduction to SIAs 3. An Overview of SIA Practice 4. Assessment and Conclusions 7. Supporting Environmental Multilateralism 1. Introduction 2. Supporting the Implementation of Existing MEAs 3. Building Alliances for Ongoing Multilateral Environmental Negotiations 4. Consensus Building in the Absence of Multilateral Environmental Negotiations 5. Assessment and Conclusions Conclusions