No other European laws are so frequently violated as environmental directives. This informative and illuminating volume explains why member states have repeatedly failed to comply with European Environmental Law. It challenges the assumption that non-compliance is merely a southern problem. By critically comparing and analyzing Spain and Germany, the volume demonstrates that both northern leaders and southern laggards face compliance problems if a European policy is not compatible with domestic regulatory structures. The North-South divide is therefore much more complex than previously thought. Examining each country's capabilities of shaping European policies according to its environmental concerns and economic interests, the book debates the possible outcomes if the European Union does not come to terms with the leader-laggards dynamics in environmental policy-making. It will be a prime resource for anyone concerned with environmental policy-making and law, particularly within the EU, as well as those interested in environmental and political geography.
Tanja A. BArzel, Senior Lecturer and Project Director, Humboldt University Berlin, Institute for Social Sciences, Germany
Contents: Introduction. Is There a 'Southern Problem'?: Non-compliance in the European Union: pathology or statistical artefact?; Exploring the 'Southern Problem.' Why There is (Not) a 'Southern Problem': The diagnosis is the 'Mediterranean Syndrome'; Beyond the 'Mediterranean Syndrome'; Pressure from below and from above: the pull-and-push model; Reformulating the 'Southern Problem': high policy misfit and low domestic mobilization. Implementing EU Environmental Policies in Germany and Spain: Selecting the cases: high policy misfit and differing degrees of domestic mobilization; Measuring effective implementation and compliance; Environmental policy-making in Germany and Spain; Drinking water: Spanish fit and German misfit?; Air pollution control: Spanish misfit and German fit; Environmental impact assessment: misfit in Spain and Germany; Access to information: misfit in Spain and Germany; Eco-audit management: misfit in Spain and Germany. Conclusions: Challenging the 'Southern Problem'; Explaining compliance with law beyond the nation state: pressure from below and above; Making European law work: increasing pull and push; Facing the challenge of enlargement: towards flexibility; Bibliography; Index.