Environmental principles - from the polluter pays and precautionary principles to the principles of integration and sustainability - proliferate in domestic and international legal and policy discourse, reflecting key goals of environmental protection and sustainable development on which there is apparent political consensus. Environmental principles also have a high profile in environmental law, beyond their popularity as policy and political concepts, as ideas that might unify the subject and provide it with conceptual foundations or boost its delivery of environmental outcomes. However, environmental principles are elusive legal concepts.
This book deepens the legal understanding of environmental principles in light of recent legal developments. It analyses the increasing legal effects of environmental principles in different jurisdictions and demonstrates how they are shaping and revealing innovative and evolving bodies of environmental law. This analysis is a step forward in understanding a key feature of modern environmental law and presents a robust methodology for dealing with novel legal concepts in the subject. It also makes a contribution to environmental policy debates and discussions internationally that rely heavily on environmental principles, including their supposed legal effects.
Dr Eloise Scotford is a Senior Lecturer at The Dickson Poon School of Law, King's College London, where she teaches and researches in environmental law.
1. Principles Principles Everywhere: Making Sense of Environmental Principles as Legal Concepts I. Introduction II. Environmental Principles and Their High Profile in Environmental Law III. Methodology and Scope IV. Conclusion 2. Environmental Principles and Environmental Law I. Introduction II. Why So Much Principle? III. Limitations in Appraising Environmental Principles Legally IV. Conclusion 3. Legal Contours of Environmental Principles Across Jurisdictions I. Introduction II. Environmental Principles in Public International Law III. Environmental Principles in EU Law IV. Environmental Principles in NSW Law V. Conclusion 4. Environmental Principles in European Union Case Law I. Introduction II. The Jurisdiction and Institutional Identity of EU Courts: Reasoning with Environmental Principles in EU Legal Culture III. Policy Cases IV. Interpretive Cases V. Informing Legal Test Cases: Reviewing the Boundaries and Exercise of EU Environmental Competence VI. Principle of Sustainable Development VII. Conclusion 5. Principles of Ecologically Sustainable Development in the New South Wales Land and Environment Court I. Introduction II. The NSW Land and Environment Court: III. Mapping the ESD Case Law IV. Conclusion 6. Conclusions I. Environmental Principles and Doctrinal Evolution II. Environmental Principles in Environmental Law Scholarship