Economic development, population growth and poor resource management have combined to alter the planet's natural environment in dramatic and alarming ways. For over twenty years, considerable research and debate have focused on clarifying or disputing linkages between various forms of environmental change and various understandings of security. At one extreme lie sceptics who contend that the linkages are weak or even non-existent; they are simply attempts to harness the resources of the security arena to an environmental agenda. At the other extreme lie those who believe that these linkages may be the most important drivers of security in the 21st century; indeed, the very future of humankind may be at stake.
This book brings together contributions from a range of disciplines to present a critical and comprehensive overview of the research and debate linking environmental factors to security. It provides a framework for representing and understanding key areas of intellectual convergence and disagreement, clarifying achievements of the research as well as identifying its weaknesses and gaps. Part I explores the various ways environmental change and security have been linked, and provides principal critiques of this linkage. Part II explores the linkage through analysis of key issue areas such as climate change, energy, water, food, population, and development. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of the value of this subfield of security studies, and with some ideas about the questions it might profitably address in the future.
This volume is the first to provide a comprehensive overview of the field. With contributions from around the world, it combines established and emerging scholars to offer a platform for the next wave of research and policy activity. It is invaluable for both students and practitioners interested in international relations, environment studies and human geography.
Rita Floyd is a Birmingham Fellow in Conflict and Security at the Department of Political Science and International Studies at the University of Birmingham, UK. Richard A. Matthew is a Professor in the Schools of Social Ecology and Social Science at the University of California at Irvine, and founding Director of the Center for Unconventional Security Affairs (www.cusa.uci.edu).
Environmental Security Studies: An Introduction Rita Floyd & Richard A. Matthew Chapter 1. Analyst, Theory and Security: A New Framework for Understanding Environmental Security Studies Rita Floyd Chapter 2. The Evolution of qualitative Environment-Conflict Research: Moving Towards Consensus Tom Deligiannis Chapter 3. Environmental Security and the Resource Curse Indra de Soysa Chapter 4. A Political Ecology of Environmental Security Michael Watts Chapter 5. From Conflict to Cooperation? Environmental Cooperation as a Tool for Peace-building Achim Maas & Alexander Carius with Anja Wittich Chapter 6. Environmental Dimensions of Human Security Simon Dalby Chapter 7. Ecological Security: A Conceptual Framework Dennis C. Pirages Chapter 8. Gender and Environmental Security Nicole Detraz Chapter 9. Understanding Water Security Patrick MacQuarrie & Aaron T. Wolf Chapter 10. Conservation, Science and Peace-building in South-eastern Europe Saleem H. Ali and Mary C. Watzin Chapter 11. Population and National Security Jennifer D. Sciubba, Carolyn Lamere, and Geoffrey D. Dabelko Chapter 12. Environmental Security and Sustainable Development Bishnu R. Upreti Chapter 13. Ensuring Food Security: Meeting Challenges from Malnutrition, Food Safety and Global Environmental Change Bryan McDonald Chapter 14. Challenging Inequality and Injustice: A Critical Approach to Energy Security Adam Simpson Chapter 15. Climate Change and Security Richard Matthew Chapter 16. Whither Environmental Security Studies? An Afterword Rita Floyd